Darts is an indoor game that can be enjoyed by two or more people. It is a throwing game where darts are thrown at a numbered dart board hung on a wall. Widely popular throughout Europe, especially England, darts are played mostly as a recreational pub game, although there are a number of lucrative professional tournaments held in Europe annually.
The game of darts can trace its roots back to medieval England in the 1300s. It was played as a military pastime, which had the benefit of improving a soldier's throwing accuracy. Darts continued to evolve over the years until 1896 when an English carpenter named Brian Gamlin invented the modern game still played today. Gamlin came up with the idea of a numbered dartboard with large numbers next to small ones whereby mistakes could be penalized. This invention greatly improved the game's popularity and recognition as a sport.
The dartboard is 17.75 inches in diameter with a scoring area of 13.25 inches in diameter. The board is divided into twenty equal sections, numbered 1-20 with a bullseye in the middle. The twenty sections are divided into single, double, and triple regions by an inner and outer ring. The inner ring is the smallest scoring area and is valued at triple the respective number. The outer ring runs around the perimeter of the dartboard creating the doubles region. The other two, skinny and wide, larger scoring regions of each section are the singles region. There is an outer and inner bullseye in the center of the board worth 25 and 50 points respectively.
The equipment needed to play darts is a dartboard and three darts per player. If you want to play competitively, you will also need paper or a board on which to keep score. An optional piece of equipment is a surround, which will protect the wall around the dartboard from damage.
Here is the essential darts equipment you should have:
The popularity of darts has grown into many offshoots of the game. These games vary in the way they are scored and their objectives. The game played most often in competition is 501.
The object of 501 is to be the first player to reduce their score to 0. Each competitor begins with a score of 501 and throws three darts during their turn. The winner is the competitor that reduces their score to exactly 0 with the stipulation that the last throw must land in a double or the bullseye.
Each of the different Dart games have their own unique rules, which may differ depending on "house rules." However, the list of basic rules of Darts is quite short and simple.
Here are the most important darts rules you should know:
Here are the most important darts strategies you should know when playing 501:
Here is the common lingo and slang in Darts:
The biggest and most important tournaments take place in Europe, where darts is extremely popular. The majority of famous and successful darts players are European.
Here are the most famous darts players you should know:
Many darts tournaments are held every year, but only a select few offer substantial prize money and prestige.
Here are the most popular tournaments in Darts: