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Crossfit History

What is the history of Crossfit? What are its origins? Where did Crossfit come from? Who invented it? Here is the history of Crossfit.

What are the basic rules of Crossfit?

Crossfit is a high intensity sport that combines strength, endurance, and explosive exercises to test your fitness. Exercises such as Olympic lifts, squats, push ups, pull ups, box jumps, and even rope climbs can be incorporated into the competition. The Crossfit Games are at the pinnacle of these competitions, and this organization has laid out some basic rules to help athletes along the way.

The first step to get to the Games is to participate in the Open, and you must be at least 14 years old to enter. The open is a five week competition with one workout a week. Workouts are posted on a Thursday and you have the following Monday to submit your score. In these workouts, exercises are given with a certain amount of repetitions that you have to complete. The faster you complete the repetitions, the higher your score is. To validate your score you must film yourself completing the workout.

Another way to get to the Games is through Sanctionals. These are just competitions that give men and women the opportunity to compete in the games. The same rules apply.

Finally, you have qualified for the games and it is time to compete against the best athletes in the world! The exercises in the competitions are unknown until the day of the event, so the element of surprise makes the sport that much more interesting. Exercises such as long distance swims, and BMX race, or even hill runs can all be incorporated into the event for that day.

Scoring during the games is very simple. You will be scored on what place you get relative to your fellow competitors. In an event, you can get up to 100 points if you get first place. Then 94 points for second, 88 for third, etc.

Which Country Started Crossfit?

Crossfit was started in the United States of America. The first official gym was built in Santa Cruz, California.

Who Invented Crossfit?

Greg Glassman invented crossfit. Growing up, he was a gymnast, and gymnasts usually just do bodyweight exercises but he realized that he could develop more strength of he worked out with dumbbells and barbells. He also used cycling as another outlet for his athleticism. He took this multidisciplinary approach when he began training other people.

He opened a gym in Santa Cruz, California and was hired to train the local police department. He realized that he could not train clients one on one anymore because of the volume of people being booked, so he turned to group training and incorporated his multidisciplinary approach to fitness.

When was Crossfit Established?

Crossfit was established in 2000 when Greg Glassman opened the first gym in Santa Cruz, California. The sport continued to grow with its first affiliate being in Seattle. In 2005 that number grew to 13, and in 2012 there were 3,400 affiliates all across the world.

The Crossfit Games were first established in 2007. The first competition was held on a ranch in Northern California. About 70 athletes competed in workouts that were created on the spot. Glassman truly believed that the best athletes would be able to handle any situation they were thrown into. Glassman made the athletes do a 1,000 meter row followed by five rounds of 25 pull ups and 7 overhead push jerks.

In his gymnastic days, Glassman had to compete for style points in order to win. However, in his new sport of crossfit, the winner was determined by the clock. The person who worked harder than anyone else would ultimately win the competition.

The 2007 games were won by California's Jolie Gentry and Canada's James FitzGerald.

Crossfit started gaining popularity after the first competition in 2007. Just three years after, Crossfit partnered with Reebok to grow the popularity of the sport. The popularity increase can also be seen with the amount of prize money that has been given out to winners over the years. In 2007, the first place prize was $500. This year, the winner in the male and female divisions both took home $300,000. The sport continues to grow in popularity as many people realize the benefits of not only exercising, but exercising in a way that promotes functional movements.

Crossfit is a sport with a global impact. There are about 13,000 gyms in 120 countries, and about 4 million people participating in the sport. These are some countries that Crossfit is most popular in.

  • Iceland
  • United States of America
  • New Zealand
  • Denmark
  • Canada
  • Costa Rica
  • Australia
  • Finland
  • Sweden
  • Puerto Rico

Crossfit History Key Facts and Timeline

Crossfit is a sport that started with humble beginnings. In 1995, Greg Glassman opened his first gym and in that same year he began to train the Santa Cruz Police Department. He later figured out that incorporating different components of fitness such as strength, endurance, flexibility, balance, and power would help people get in better shape, so in 2000 he opened his first crossfit gym.

Within seven years, the first Crossfit Games were established in Northern California and this would change the sport forever. People's stamina and strength were put to the test in this competition, and the winner came out with only $500.

However, just three years after that, Crossfit would partner with Reebok in what would be the new Reebok Crossfit Games. The prize money was significantly raised, and competitions were held in the public eye and showed on national television.

Today, the sport continues to grow and more people are incorporating it into their lives so they can work out more functionally.


  • Greg Glassman is the founder of crossfit
  • The sport was established in 2000, but the first games were in 2007
  • There are over 7,000 gyms in the United States alone
  • To participate in the sport, you can go to a local gym to learn the basics
  • If you want to get into the Games, you must either participate in the Open or Sanctional workouts