Cricket played by two teams with 11 players each. There are 9 fielders who are strategically positioned around the field in addition to the wicketkeeper and the bowler. The bowler throws the ball overhand, bouncing it on the ground, and the batters try to hit it. The batters compete to score runs and the bowling team attempts to get the batters out. Once all of the batters are out, the teams switch and once all of the batters are out on both teams, an inning is concluded.
The pitching area on a cricket pitch is always a rectangular area of 22 yards in length. Additionally, there are two sets of wickets on each side of the pitch, standing 71.1cm high and measuring 22.86cm wide. The decision of what team bats first and what team bowls first is determined by a coin toss. The captain that wins the coin toss chooses if they want to bat or bowl first and the game begins.
The team that scores the most runs at the end of the set innings, wins. There are several different forms of cricket, however, the most common form spans two innings with a time limit of 5 days.
When the batter gets a hit, they run to the set of stumps at the other end of the pitch and a run is scored every time the batter crosses and reaches that stump. The batter is not limited to one run and may run back and forth as many times as they can. Additionally, batters may earn runs from boundary points. If the batter hits the ball across the boundary line on the fly, 6 runs are scored. If the batter hits the ball and it rolls over the boundary line, 4 runs are scored.
The bowling team can get the batter out in a few ways. If the bowling team catches the ball that is hit by the batter before it hits the ground, then the batter is out.
Another way to get the batter out is by hitting the stumps with the ball. Bowlers will throw the ball extremely fast and low to the ground so that it is difficult for the batter to hit. It is important to note that the ball must remove one bail. If the ball has touched the batsman's bat or any part of their body and removes a bail, it will still be an out. However, if the ball touches the umpire or another player and removes a bail, it will not count as an out. Lastly, if the ball hits the wicket but does not knock out a bail, then the batter is not out.
Another way that a batter could get called out is if they hit their wicket down after the bowler begins his delivery and the ball is in play. Batters can also be called out if they willingly obstruct the opposition by using words or by action.
When the batting team is all out, they switch with the bowling team. Once each team gets a chance to bat and bowl, an inning is concluded. Matches have 1 to 2 innings depending on the form of cricket that is being played. Regardless, the team that scores the most runs at the conclusion of the innings wins. There are a few different forms of cricket including test cricket, Twenty20 cricket and one day cricket. The most recognized form of cricket however, is test cricket which lasts 2 innings.
Cricket has several features that make it one of the most unique sports on the planet. First, cricket test matches can last several days and have no time limit. In fact, the longest male test cricket match of all time was between England and South Africa and lasted 43 hours and 16 minutes. The game took place in March of 1939 and was abandoned because the ship taking home the England team was due to leave.
Another unique feature of cricket is that there is a 40-minute lunch break between the first two sessions of a day's play.Additionally, after the second session of play, there is a 20-minute break allotted for tea.
Teams also have a 12th man who is a substitute fielder in case someone gets hurt. Once the injured player recovers from injury, they return to replace the 12th man. The 12th man is also not allowed to bat or bowl.
At each end of the pitch there are wickets. Wickets are made up of three wooden stakes with two wooden pieces referred to as bails, resting on top. The structure gives off the look of a miniature wooden castle. Wickets are an extremely important part of cricket. When the bowlers are bowling, their aim is to get the batter to miss and knock over one of the bails to get the batter out.
In cricket, a bail is the small wooden structure on top of the stakes that make up the wicket. On a wicket, there are three wooden stakes that are bridged on the top by the two bails. Bails are extremely important in cricket. If a batter misses hitting the ball and it knocks one of the bails over then the batter is out. If the bail does not fall over, then the batter is not out.
There is no limit on how many runs a single batter can score. The batter will continue batting until the bowler gets them out. BC Lara of the West Indies holds the record for the most individual runs in one innings with 400. Additionally, there is not a limit on how many runs a batter can score off of one pitch. However, practically, 8 runs is the maximum score a batter can score on one pitch.