Chess is a popular board game for two players. It involves using strategy to move around each player's 16 pieces according to each piece's fixed rules. The game's objective is to checkmate the king by moving pieces into a position where the opponent's king can't move. In competitive chess, a clock is utilized to prevent games from going on for long periods of time. Chess is a game that has existed in different forms for over a thousand years, with the game developing over that time to the game and rules that are used today.
The origins of Chess can be traced back to the Indian game called chaturanga, which is said to have been played prior to 600 AD. The game spread throughout Europe and Asia over the next few centuries, and eventually turned into the game of chess we know today around the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, chess theory and strategies began developing, and by the mid 19th century the standardization of the chessboard and pieces began. Also around that time in the 19th century is when the chess clock was implemented.
The chessboard is always arranged the same way, with the second row of pieces on the board being all pawns. The row closest to the player is the first row, and has rooks in the corners, then knights next to them, then bishops, then the queen goes on the color of her matching square (white queen white square) and the king goes into the remaining square. This is the same setup for both players. After this, the person who has the white chess piece makes the first move, and the game begins. Each person has their own clock which they hit after every time they make a move. The game ends when either one person runs out of time on their clock, or one person checkmates the other person's king.
The first thing players will need is a chessboard which is an 8 by 8 checkerboard. Players will need all 32 pieces to play the game. If playing chess competitively, players will need a chess clock to keep track of time and a score sheet to keep track of moves made.
Here is the essential Chess equipment players should have:
The chess game's objective is to checkmate the king, a position where the opponent's king has no possible moves left to make. This is where the strategy of chess comes in, as there are hundreds of thousands of moves that can be made during a chess game.
All pieces on the board have their own rules. The pawn is the most simple being able to move forward one square at a time and attack diagonally. It can also move two spaces forward, but only from its original starting position. The rook can only move horizontally and vertically but can go as many squares as it wants. The knight can only move in an L shape which is two in one direction and then one in another direction. It is the only piece that can jump over other pieces. A bishop can only move diagonally as many squares as it wants, on the colored square that it starts on (bishop on a black square can only move diagonally on black squares). The queen is the second most important piece on the board, and the most powerful, being able to move vertically, horizontally, and diagonally as many spaces as it wants. The king is similar to the queen in that it moves vertically, horizontally, and diagonally. However it can only move one square at a time, and if it is in check, needs to move to a different square where it won't be in check.
Here are the most important Chess rules:
Chess is extremely strategic in nature and relies on the player being able to think multiple moves ahead. There are many chess strategies out there. One of the most simple is the strategy of controlling the four center squares of the board, which allows freedom of movement with other pieces. Other strategies include making sure to develop all second-row pieces by getting them off their starting squares. Pressure your opponents with your moves if you can. The most important concept is that of protecting the king, which is done by keeping the king in a defensive position where the opponent's pieces can't threaten it.
Here are the most important Chess strategies:
Here is the common lingo and slang in Chess:
Chess has a long history existing for over a thousand years. However, within the last few hundred years, true chess grandmasters have come into existence and dominated the game. The three best chess players of all time are Gary Kasparov, Magnus Carlsen, and Bobby Fischer. Magnus Carlsen is the current world chess champion, winning it 2013 as second youngest to do it at 23. Bobby Fishcher is the only ever American world chess champion, and was able to win 20 consecutive chess matches against some of the best players in the world at the time. Gary Kasporov is still considered the best player ever, having been world champion for 15 consecutive years and was the number one player in the world for 22 years in a row. He is also the youngest world chess champion winning it at 22 years old.
The first ever chess tournament was held in London in 1851 and tournaments have been held in cities worldwide like New York and Paris. Currently, the best chess tournaments are the Candidates tournament, whose winner earns the right to play the world championship against the current champion. Then there's the Wiijk aan Zee in the Netherlands, which is commonly known as the Wimbledon of Chess. In Germany they also hold the Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting tournament.
Here are the most popular tournaments in Chess:
Castling in chess is a move that can only be done if the king hasn't moved from its original position or been in check. Castling involves moving your king to the right two spaces and your rook to the left two spaces. This can only be done if the knight and the bishop have been moved out of the way. It is meant as a defensive move to protect the king.
The letters and numbers on the edge of the chess board are meant to tell you which position you are moving to. In competitive chess, players have to say which square they are moving to then write down their move on their score sheet to keep track of moves.
Often during broadcasts for chess tournaments, or with people who know the game well you will hear the term "book move." Book move means that a player is making an opening move that is well known in conventional chess strategy or theory.