Bowling Styles and Techniques

Bowling release

While beginners may not even realize it, there are many different styles and techniques used in bowling. Different scenarios may require a bowler to employ specific types of shots, and learning to master each technique can be paramount to becoming an expert bowler. Let’s take a look at all of the different styles and techniques used in bowling.


Bowling Form

There are many different ways for a bowler to deliver the ball down the lane. Each person will use some variation of different styles and techniques to create their desired form. The same form will not work for everyone. Regardless of a person’s skill, the goal remains to knock down as many pins as possible, and bowlers often use different forms to accomplish this. Both style and technique contribute to the form that a bowler develops.

Bowling Styles

Bowlers often have their own signature style, similar to the techniques of bowling shown below. However, these styles more often pertain to the specific types of shots each bowler employs.

  • Crankers
  • Strokers
  • Power strokers
  • Spinners
  • Tweeners

Crankers

Crankers rely on high power and speed in their throws. This is often through a cupped wrist and a medium-to-high arm swing. Right-handed bowlers stand on the far left since their throws are powerful enough to require the opposite side. For left-handed bowlers, it’s the opposite. This causes a higher number of ball revolutions before impacting the pins.

The amount of power and speed typically amounts to higher risk when playing. The risks could mean a higher probability of extreme splits among the pins. However, the high amount of revolutions is what matters most to these players.

Strokers

This is considered the most classic form of bowling. This involves standing on the right side of the lane to follow a straighter line on the lane. The ball is released in the middle of the lane.

These types of bowlers do not rely on speed or power but simply on accuracy to score points. When aiming the ball, they have a medium arm swing and square shoulders to have the most accurate aim. This typically causes a lower amount of ball revolutions since speed is not a priority for stroker bowlers.

Strokers are known for putting a lot of spin on the ball. This style focuses more on having a consistently angled delivery rather than a delivery with only power and speed. There is also a large focus on the wrists when using this style, and even some recommend wearing wrist tape if using this style.

Power Strokers

Power strokers are considered the best of both worlds. They provide both the spin of a stroker and the power of the cranker. It is a popular style because the motion of the ball makes it favorable for bowlers to score strikes consistently.

Spinners

Spinners (aka helicopter-style) are known for having good accuracy on their ball. They are known for focusing on the spin of the ball rather than speed and power. Many bowlers will use the spin delivery when certain lane conditions are favorable for this style. Spinners will also tend to use a lighter ball to increase more vertical spin on the ball.

Tweeners

This is considered a mix between a cranker and a stroker-style bowler. They display mixed traits between the two. Tweeners have a higher consistency in hitting their targets than other delivery styles.

For example, a bowler can have more ball revolutions but a lower arm swing, which means less speed. Or, they can have a higher arm swing but fewer ball revolutions. This will depend on the player and what kind of stroke they aim for.

Bowling Techniques

The technique used in bowling determines various aspects of a person’s throw. Different techniques work for different bowlers. Below we cover the most popular techniques for holding and spinning the bowling ball.

Hold Techniques

bowling holds

There are three different ways in which a bowler can hold the ball: relaxed, firm, and strong. These ways will adjust how the ball rolls down the lane.

  • Relaxed: creates a straight path for the ball but will not create much hook or revolutions on the ball.
  • Firm: generates a little more hook as well as more revolutions of the ball.
  • Strong: creates the most hook and the most revolutions of the ball but is heavily dependent on the strength of the bowler.

Spin Techniques

Bowling Ball

There are three techniques for putting spin on your ball when bowling. They include straight bowling, hook bowling, and backup bowling. We will discuss the differences between all three techniques, from easiest to hardest.

Bowlers have different types of techniques when it comes to getting spin on a ball. In general, the easiest way to generate spin on a bowling ball is by putting your middle finger and ring finger in the top two holes and leaving your thumb out of the bottom hole. While your fingers are in the holes, hold the ball on your wrist and release your top two fingers off the ball so that your fingers graze the side of the ball as you are bowling.

Straight Bowling

Straight bowling is the most basic of the three styles. When straight bowling, the ball will roll in a straight line to the pins without much curve. The downside to straight bowling is that the ball will only hit the pins straight on without much movement from pins, which means they may not knock down other pins as well. The best use for straight bowling is when a bowler is trying to score a spare.

Straight bowling is recommended for picking up spares. However, this technique can lead to splits for bowlers, which makes it harder to gain the maximum amount of points. Over the long run, this technique is not sustainable for hitting strikes.

Hook Bowling

Hook bowling is used by more advanced bowlers and, in turn, will score more points. In hook bowling, the ball will curve from left to right for left-handed bowlers and right to left for right-handed bowlers. As a result of the curve on the ball, the ball will knock more pins into each other, giving you a better chance of scoring a strike.

What hand a bowler uses is important. If a player is left-handed, the ball should begin on the left side of the lane before moving towards the right to hit the one and two pockets. If a player is right-handed, the ball begins on the right side of the lane before hooking to hit the one and three pockets.

This takes more skill on behalf of the players. When throwing a hook, a bowler must rotate the fingers on the side of the bowl during the ball’s release. This ensures better control over movement and a better hook shot.

A more exaggerated version of the hook shot is called a curveball. However, these types of shots are more prone to error and are not typically used.

Backup (Reverse Hook) Bowling

Backup bowling is similar to hook bowling. In backup bowling, the ball will curve right to left for left-handed bowlers and left to right for right-handed bowlers. Most bowlers are not able to reverse hook bowl because of the unnatural motion that a bowler’s wrist must make in order to make the ball curve towards a bowler’s dominant hand. This technique does not give a bowler any significant advantages over hook bowling and straight bowling.

This is a bowling technique that is often discouraged. The movement is often forced and difficult to control. However, some players do feel comfortable with throwing a backup ball over a hook ball.