Types of Bodybuilding Exercises

What are the types of bodybuilding exercises?

  • Back Exercises
  • Chest Exercises
  • Arm Exercises
  • Leg Exercises
  • Split Exercises
  • Isolation Lifts

Compound Lifts

Bodybuilders relay on a combination between compound lifts and isolation lifts. Compound lifts target totally separate muscle groups and make them work simultaneously. These lifts are best for building strength.

Back Exercises

The back muscles are usually one of the strongest muscle groups of the entire body. When bodybuilders work on their back muscles, they are mainly focused on strengthening and growing their latissimus dorsi (or lats) and their trapezius (or traps). When bodybuilders focus on these muscles, they are working to give themselves a wide back and broad shoulders. These traits are a key part of the classic bodybuilder physique. Strengthening their back also allows bodybuilders to lift heavier weights without injury.

Chest Exercises

Bodybuilders focus a lot of their work on chest exercises as well. The main purpose of these exercises is to grow their pectoralis muscles. This results in the bodybuilder having a big and firm chest. When exercising the chest, the pecs are not the only muscles being worked. Oftentimes, chest exercises engage the arms as well.

Arms Exercises

Arm muscles are probably the first thing most people think of when they think of bodybuilding. Some images of bodybuilders flexing their huge arms are even found in popular culture. When working the arms, bodybuilders need to focus on their biceps, triceps, and deltoids or shoulders. Bodybuilders need to focus on all three of these muscles in order to achieve the big arms that they want. Strong arms are also helpful when it comes to stabilizing the wights being used in other lifts.

Leg Exercises

Leg muscles are sometimes the most underappreciated and underworked muscles of the body. Although this is the case, the best bodybuilders recognize the importance of exercising these muscles. When exercising legs, a bodybuilder is trying to grow their quadriceps, calves, hamstrings, and gluteus muscles.

Split Exercises

The Split System is the idea that your bodybuilding training should be broken up into specific sections. Most splits will have the bodybuilder exercise specific muscle groups on specific days. When trying to choose which split works best for you, it is best to consider your current skill level and the time you currently have available. 

Isolation Lifts

Isolation lifts focus on very specific muscles and are usually better for hypertrophy, or muscle growth.