The scorer's table in basketball is the table along the sideline where the official scorers and official statisticians sit. The members at this table have many responsibilities, mostly revolving around keeping track of what is happening in the game.
At the scorer's table there is one or more official scorers, depending on the level of play. The official scorer keeps track of the score in the game, fouls, time, and timeouts. The official scorer communicates with the referee if a player fouls out.
The official statistician also sits at the scorer's table. Statisticians also have an important job: they must record a long list of statistics throughout the game. These statistics are compiled with other statistics onto databases which can help will analytical research of the game. They also are the statistics used to judge players. If you've ever wondered who records all the basketball statistics you see online, it is likely an official statistician!
The basketball scorer's table is located right on the sideline of the court. Because of its proximity to the action, the scorer's table can often be an obstacle for players. If a player is trying to save a ball which is going out of bounds, he could fall onto or jump over the scorer's table. The members of the scorer's table have to keep an eye out during the game!
Players who are waiting to substitute in will likely sit in front of the scorer's table.
For more information about what goes on at the scorer's table, check out these pieces: