Half-court games of basketball are perfect for developing your skills when you have less than ten players. During full-court games, opposing teams are shooting in different baskets, but in half-court games opposing teams share the same basket. Unlike in a full-court game in a half-court game, there is no jump ball. Depending on what teams are playing the game, there are several ways to decide who gets first possession. Typically possession is decided on a coin toss, or the first player to complete a foul shot or another way decided by the teams.
Court and Ball
The games are played in a half-court setting with each team is shooting on the same basket. The court is 49' wide and 36' long. The court has the exact same markings as a traditional basketball game. During FIBA (International Basketball Association) competitions, a size 6 ball is used.
Typically half-court games are played with 4 players on each team. There are professional half-court leagues, but half-court games can be played as an unofficial pickup game. The two official half-court leagues are FIBA 3x3 and The Big 3.The game is played with three players on the court during the game with one sub.Once initial possession is decided, they have a limited time to shoot the ball. Depending on the league the shot clock can be 12-14 seconds long. Depending on the league or if it's a pickup game the length and gameplay can vary.
Scoring in half-court games is not the same scoring system in traditional basketball games. Unlike a traditional basketball game, there are no 3 point shots. One point is awarded for foul shots and shots completed inside the arc. Two points are awarded for shots made outside the arc.
FIBA is played for 10 minutes or what team gets to 21 first. In the big 3, the game does not have a time limit, the winner is the first team to make it to 50.
Traveling - One of the most basic rules of basketball is you have to bounce or dribble the ball when you are moving. Once the player stops moving on of his feet will become the pivot foot.When a player moves their pivot foot off the ground, it is traveling.
Five Second Violation - Once possession changes the player has five seconds to throw the ball back into bounds. It is a violation when a player has stopped dribbling and holds the ball too long while being guarded.
Kicking the Ball - During a game, you are not allowed to purposely kick the ball.