Basketball The Court
The basketball court is where the game of basketball is played. Basketball can be played inside or outside on a variety of surfaces including cement, concrete, and wooden floors. Each team has a hoop to defend located on both ends of the court. Teams can earn points by shooting the ball into their net.
Parts Of The Court
A basketball court is comprised of many parts. Some of these pieces have multiple names, so here is a list of all the components of a court you should know:
- Half-court line
- Basket, backboard, and net
- 3 point line
- Center circle (also known as the jump circle)
- The paint (also known as the lane, key, and free throw lane)
- The elbow
Basketball Court Lines
- Baselines (also known as the end lines)
- Free throw line (also known as the foul line)
- Free throw line extended
- Midcourt line (also known as the half-court line)
- Three point arc (also known as the three point line)
- NBA restricted area
We'll learn about the court lines and their significance in future tutorials.
The three-point line (arc) surrounds each hoop and denotes if a ball is worth two or three points. If a player's feet are outside the three point arc, then a basket is worth 3 points. Inside the three-point line is the paint, free throw line, and restricted area.
The perimeter of the court consists of the sidelines and baselines. Together these lines are known as the boundary lines. If a player steps on or crosses the boundaries, they are out of bounds. A player can come back inbounds at any time, but if they step out of bounds with the ball, it's a turnover and the other team gets possession.
The center circle is where jump balls take place. The half-court line runs through the center circle and separates the court into two halves called the frontcourt and backcourt. The circle does not have much significance except for when jump balls take place at the beginning of a basketball game.
As a player, you'll hear about the elbows, top of the key, wings, corners, low blocks, high post, and low post. These are all used by players and coaches in designing plays and strategy. Knowing the names of these locations can make you a better player and help you understand the game of basketball better.
Basketball Court Areas
We'll learn more about the court areas and their significance in future tutorials.