Basketball Charging Foul
A charge in basketball is a foul given to an offensive player who possesses the ball and makes excessive contact with a defensive player who is properly positioned on the court. If the defensive player has both feet set in the path of the ball handler prior to him making contact, then it is a charge.
Defenders often try to draw a charge by getting in good position and baiting the offensive player into committing the violation.
Charges cannot be called within the restricted area, which is a semi circle about 4 feet in width placed under the basket in most professional and collegiate basketball games. A charging foul is considered a personal foul and counts towards a team's foul count.