Not all fouls are created equal in basketball. Each foul is different and comes with a unique set of consequences for the team that commits it. We've already learned about personal fouls. A personal foul is called on any player who makes illegal physical contact with another player on the court.
When a defensive player makes illegal physical contact with the shooter while he is shooting the ball, it's a shooting foul. Shooting fouls always result in free throws for the other team regardless if the team is in a penalty situation. Shooting fouls count towards a team's foul count and the player's individual foul count. Fouling too many times can result in a player fouling out.
IMPORTANT: Even if the player misses the shot, they still get three free throws.
IMPORTANT: Even if the player misses the shot, they still get two free throws.
And one is a slang term in basketball that describes when the shooter makes the shot while they are fouled by a defensive player. It's called an and one because teams get two or three points on the shot in addition to possibly getting more points on the free throws.