Player Control Foul In Basketball
A player control foul in basketball is a foul committed by an offensive player. A player control foul is a very common foul, but is applied to a player who has control of the ball or is in the air while shooting. Any illegal contact made by a player in possession of the ball is considered to be a player control foul. This might include illegal contact using the shoulder, elbow, arm, or hand, as well as forcing one's way through or around opponents when there is no room to do so.
A charge is a form of player control foul that happens relatively frequently. An offensive player commits a charge when he runs into and makes substantial contact with a defender who is in a legal guarding position so long as he is not in the restricted area directly underneath the basket. Legal guarding position is often thought to mean the defender must have his feet set on the floor and is not moving by the time the offensive player makes contact. This is true, so long as the defender sets up in his position straight ahead of the ball handler. This means giving the ball handler space to avoid contact while dribbling or before the ball handler starts his shooting motion at the basket.
However, the rules are a bit more lenient, as a defender just needs to get his torso in front of the dribbler. The player's feet may still be moving slightly, as long as he beats the ball handler to the spot he intends to dribble to.
What is a team control foul?
A team control foul is a foul that is committed by a member of the team currently in possession of the ball, excluding the player controlling the ball. If the player with the ball commits a foul, then it is a player control foul.
Is an illegal screen a player control foul?
No, an illegal screen is considered a team control foul, since a player without the ball is committing the foul.