Offensive Foul Basketball
An offensive foul in basketball is a foul committed by an offensive player whose team is in possession of the ball. The offending player is charged with a personal foul, but their team is not charged with a team foul. No free throws are awarded after an offensive foul; instead, the ball is awarded to the offended team out of bounds near wherever the foul was committed.
Types of Offensive Fouls
Fouls can be called for any pushing, holding, hitting, or anything else that can be called against the defense. However, there are also few common fouls that are specific to the offense. These include charging and illegal screens.
Charging is called when an offensive player collides illegally with a defender. Defenders who try to "take a charge" do so by standing straight up with their feet facing the offensive player. If the defensive player remains planted and does not move before being impacted by the offensive player, a charge will be called. Charges may not be called inside the restricted area on a basketball court. This arc is located underneath the basket and gives offensive players an incentive for getting so close to the rim.
An illegal screen is when a player is setting a screen and moves a limb to block a defender who is trying to get around the screen. Screeners must also set screens at least one step from the defender so that they may react to said screen. Illegal screens may also include shifting laterally to ensure direct contact with the defender or making illegal contact while setting a screen.
Illegal contact fouls are a more general term for any foul committed by any offensive player who initiates contact. If an offensive player pushes off drives into a defender, they will be called for an offensive foul. These types of fouls are usually easier to call than charges as it is usually pretty obvious if an offensive player is initiating contact. Unlike charges, a defender does not need to have their feet set in order to draw a foul, as long as the offensive player is the one initiating contact.
Does an offensive foul count as a team foul?
What counts as an offensive foul?
There are a few different actions that count as an offensive foul in basketball. The first offensive foul is a charge. Charging occurs when a defensive player has their feet set outside of the restricted zone and the offensive player initiates contact with them. Similar to charging, Illegal contact is when an offensive player pushes off or drives into a defensive player regardless of whether or not the defender was set. Lastly, illegal screens are called when a player setting a screen moves or extends one of their limbs to initiate contact with a defender.
Do you get free throws on an offensive foul?
In both the NBA and college basketball, free throws are not awarded for offensive fouls. This goes along with the fact that offensive fouls do not count towards a team's foul count either. Instead, a player who commits an offensive foul is charged with a personal foul, and possession of the ball is turned over to the other team.