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  3. Hand Checks

Basketball Hand-Checking

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Basketball Hand-Checking

Hand-checking in basketball is a personal foul describing illegal contact by a defender who uses their hands to impede the movement of an opponent that possesses the ball. A hand-checking foul will give the opposing defender a single foul and will result in a dead ball followed by an inbound pass for the offense. If the team is in the bonus, a hand-checking foul could also lead to free throws.

Calling Hand Checking

Most referees will not call hand-checking if the defender uses his hands one time; hand-checking fouls are generally called when a single defensive player is continuously making contact with their hands throughout the game. Hand-checking is typically called at the top of the key because this is where defenders will be matched up against guards or ball handlers. Hand-checking is generally not called in the low post area because defenders are allowed to make contact with their hands on opponents who have their back to the basket.

Hand-checking, or defensive contact with the hands, used to be allowed in the NBA prior to 2004. However, the NBA changed their hand-checking rules to make this type of contact a foul. Now, if you are hand-checking at any level of basketball, you will be called for a foul. Hand-checking is most similar to a reach-in foul, which is also a common defensive foul.

Basketball hand checking

See Also

nonshooting foulunsportsmanlike foulblocking foulcharging foulblockschargefoul outfoul troublefoulingover the back foulpersonal foulsreach in foulshooting foulsteam foulstechnical foulsunintentional foulsdefensive foulsflagrant foulsholdingintentional foulsloose ball fouloffensive foulsplayer control foul


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