Blocking fouls result in free throws for the fouled player.
A charge is called on the dribbler if he collides with a defensive player who has established legal position on his way to the basket.
Legal position entails feet set and the torso in between the offensive player and the basket. The defending player can not be in the act of shuffling into this position, as they must be set prior to the contact. This is the hardest real-time differentiation for referees to see when making the call.
Defensive players will often flop to draw a charging call, meaning they will over exaggerate the amount of contact they received when falling to the ground. The goal is to make the offensive player look guilty for committing a charge.
The restricted area in a component of the court that defensive players are not allowed to stand in when taking a charge. If a player's feet are on the line then it is automatically considered a blocking foul.
When excessive or forceful contact happens between an offensive and defensive player, the referee is given two options. They can either call a charging foul or a blocking foul.
Several factors go into the deciding of what the call will be a charging foul.
When looking for a block or charge, make sure the defender had his torso in front of the dribbler prior to the collision. The defender must also be in position before the dribbler is moving the ball toward the basket.
|SITUATION||BLOCK OR CHARGE|
|The dribbler runs into a defensive player who has established position with a legal screen.||Charge|
|The dribbler does not dribble in a straight line towards the basket before running into a player.||Charge|
|the defender has both feet planted outside the restricted area prior to the dribbler moving in that direction.||Charge|
|If there is a tie and both players seem to be in the right.||Blocking Foul|
|A defensive player positions himself in the restricted area.||Blocking Foul|
|The dribbler is moving in the direction of the basket in a straight line at a high speed and has picked up his dribble before a defensive player is in position.||Blocking Foul|