There are lots of formation types in basketball. All formations stem from a few basic principles:
When discussing the alignment of players on the court, numbers are often used for quick recognition (2-3 zone defense, 1-4 high offense, 1-3-1, etc.). In this format, the numbers tell how many players are in which court space from which positions: the first number usually indicates how many players are at the top of a formation (farthest from the basket), and so on.
|PRO TIP: Guards are typically farther from the basket in any given formation because they are shorter players. The taller forwards and centers are better-equipped to be near the basket.|
Here is a list of offensive formations.
Here is a list of defensive formations.
Deciding which formation to use can be difficult. Coaches use these steps to determine which offensive and defensive formations they should use:
Here are some terms you can explore that are related to basketball formations: