Basketball Zone Formation

Chapter 12.2

What is a zone formation? When should a team use it? Get ready to learn the basics of a zone formation in basketball.

Introduction

A basketball formation describes how players move and position themselves on the court in relation to players on the opposing team. There are three (3) main formations that all others branch out from:

  1. Man-To-Man
  2. Zone
  3. Press

In this tutorial, we will learn about a basics of zone formations.

Zone Formations

A zone formation in basketball is different from a man to man formation. Instead of having each player be assigned another player on the opposing team, a zone formation assigns each player to a zone or area on the court.

Rookie Road Basketball Zone Formation Image

PRO TIP: Either team can utilize a zone formation while they are on offense or on defense. As a fan you may hear about zone defense and zone offense.

Shifting

When playing a zone formation you can see players shifting on the floor. They move together, always maintaining their zones, but shifting their positions based on where the ball goes on the court.

Advantages of A Zone Formation

The following are advantages of a zone formation:

Disadvantages of A Zone Formation

The following are disadvantages of a zone formation:

X-Y-Z Zone Formation

There are lots of ways to create a zone formation in basketball. X-Y-Z zone formation generic phrase to describe where players should position themselves in a zone formation.

2-3 Zone Formation

Rookie Road Basketball 2-3 Zone Formation Image

3-2 Zone Formation

Rookie Road Basketball 3-2 Zone Formation Image

1-3-1 Zone Formation

Rookie Road Basketball 1-3-1 Zone Formation Image

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