Traps In Basketball
A trap in basketball is a defensive strategy used to force a turnover by trapping the ball-handler at a specific location on the court making it difficult for him to escape. On a trap, two or more defensive players will surround the ball-handler and wave their arms in the air to prevent any escape or pass attempt. Here are the main spots on the court to set a trap:
- at the baselines or coffin corners
- at the sidelines in the back court
- at the sidelines in the front court
Boundary Line Traps
Coffin Corner Traps
Setting a baseline trap in the corners is effective because you are trapping the ball-handler in between the sidelines and baselines. The baseline traps in the back court are called coffin corners because they are the worst place to be stuck with the ball.
Inbound Pass Traps
A throw-in, also known as an inbound pass, is a method of putting the ball into play after a dead ball. Traps are especially effective directly after the inbound pass is made. On an inbound pass trap, two defenders rush the player that gets the pass and force him to the sidelines.
How To Escape A Basketball Trap
- call a timeout
- get low to the floor and don't turn your back
- pass the ball to a teammate
- try and break through the trap by going in between the players
- spin and pivot around the defenders
How To Trap In Basketball
When designing your trap follow these steps to be effective.
- Pick a location to set the trap.
- Decide when to execute the trap, either on an inbound pass or when a specific player gets the ball.
- Have one or two players move into position and surround the dribbler.
- Stand your ground and wave your arms in the air creating an unbreakable wall that the dribbler can't escape.
Cons Of Traps In Basketball
Since trapping often requires two or more players to surround the dribbler it leaves an extra offensive player open on the court. If the dribbler breaks through the trap or makes a pass to a teammate, the offense will have an easier time scoring.