How Many In Regulation?
How Many In Overtime?
Calling A Timeout
Anyone can call a timeout during a basketball game. However, if a team calls a timeout and their team doesn't have any left it is a technical foul. We will learn more about technical fouls in future chapters.
A timeout can only be called:
- when the ball is 'dead'
- by the team with possession of the ball
A team will use a timeout for one of the following reasons:
Changing The Play Design
A team may decide to change the play design if they see the opposing team positioned in a specific way. Calling a timeout will give them time to regroup and change strategy. We will learn about basketball strategies in future chapters.
Basketball allows for unlimited substitutions when the ball is 'dead'. A coach may need to call a timeout to substitute a player if a different player is better suited for the play design. We will learn more about substitutions and the rules around them in future chapters.
Icing A Player
Icing a player is a technique used to get a mental edge over the opposing team. Imagine the score is very close and there is little time remaining on the game clock. If a team calls a timeout just before the upcoming play, they may cause the opposing team to make a trivial mistake costing them the game.
The best example of this is called icing the free throw shooter. Just before a free throw is made, a team will call a timeout for the possibility that the free throw shooter will make a mistake and miss the foul shot.