A violation is called on a player who breaks the rules of basketball defined by in the rulebook for a league. Violations result in possession of the ball for the other team.
In this chapter we will learn about violations relating to timing rules of the game.
Shot Clock Violation
We've already learned about the shot clock in previous chapters. The shot clock keeps track of how long a team can have possession of the ball.
REMEMBER: In pro (NBA) basketball, the shot clock lasts twenty-four (24) seconds. In college (NCAA) basketball, the shot clock lasts thirty (30) seconds.
A shot clock violation will occur if the shot clock hits 0:00 and...
- A change of possession has not been made
- The ball has not hit the rim
- A score has not been made
A shot clock violation results in an immediate turnover of the ball to the other team.
PRO TIP: As long as the ball has left a player's hands and is traveling in the air by the time the shot clock hits 0:00, it is not considered a shot clock violation if it scores or hits the rim.
Back Court Violation
We've already learned about the locations of the back court and front court in basketball.
When a team gets possession of the ball, they have eight (8) seconds in the NBA to bring the ball over the midcourt line from the back court into the front court. If they fail to do so, it's a violation!
PRO TIP: It's also considered a back court violation if a team retreats with the ball into their back court once they've entered the front court.
Held Ball Violation
We've already learned about dribbling and establishing a pivot foot in basketball. A player has five (5) seconds to either pass or shoot the ball or a violation is given called a held ball violation. It results in a turnover of the ball.
We've already learned about the location of the paint on a basketball court.
Offensive players cannot stay in the paint for longer than three (3) seconds. Defensive players cannot stay in the paint for longer than three (3) seconds if they are not actively guarding another player. The count resets when a player leaves the paint and then re-enters it.
All of these time violations in basketball result in a turnover of the ball to the other team.