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Basketball Time Violations

What is a time violation in basketball? What is a shot clock violation? What are violations in the paint or in the back court? What is a held ball? Get ready to learn what happens when your team has the ball for to long in basketball.

Time Violations

The referees are responsible for calling violations on players who violate the rules of the game. All time violations result in a turnover and the other team getting possession of the ball.

In this tutorial, we'll discuss violations that are called on players if the break rules related to the time and the clocks in basketball.

Basketball Time Violations Summary

Shot Clock Violation

The shot clock keeps track of how long a team can have possession of the ball. In the NBA, the shot clock lasts 24 seconds. In college basketball, the shot clock lasts 30 seconds. If the shot clock hits zero, it's a shot clock violation. Shot clock violations are considered turnovers.

Basketball Shot Clock

A shot clock violation will be called on a team if

  • a change of possession or turnover has not been made
  • a score has not been made
  • the ball has not touched the rim

Buzzer Beaters

If the ball leaves the player's hands before the shot clock hits zero, it is not a shot clock violation if a buzzer beat er is made or the ball hits the rim.

Basketball Buzzer Beater

Backcourt Violation

The backcourt is the half of the court that a team is in when they first get possession of the ball. A team's own net is in their backcourt. Teams will be called for a backcourt violation if they fail to bring the ball past the midcourt line within eight seconds in the NBA. The NBA backcourt violation is also called the 8-second rule.

Basketball Backcourt Violation

PRO TIP: It's also considered a back court violation if a team retreats with the ball into their backcourt once they've entered the front court.

Held Ball Violation

The ball-handler will be called for held ball violation if he holds onto the ball for longer than five seconds. Held ball violations are also known as the 5-second rule.

Basketball Held Ball

PRO TIP: You may see defensive players set traps on the court to force a held-ball violation. If the ball-handler gets stuck in the corner or near the boundary lines, he may be unable to escape.

Paint Violation

A paint violation will be called on any offensive player or defensive player if they stay in the paint for longer than three seconds. A player's feet determine their location in the paint. Paint violations are also known as the 3-second rule. You may sometimes hear it called the defensive 3-second rule or offensive 3-second rule separately.

Basketball 3 second violation

PRO TIP: Defensive players are allowed to stay in the paint for longer than three seconds as long as they are guarding a player.

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