What is a time violation in basketball? What is a shot clock violation? What are violations in the paint or in the back court? What is a held ball? Get ready to learn what happens when your team has the ball for to long in basketball.
In this tutorial, we'll discuss violations that are called on players if the break rules related to the time and the clocks in basketball.
Shot Clock Violation
The shot clock keeps track of how long a team can have possession of the ball. In the NBA, the shot clock lasts 24 seconds. In college basketball, the shot clock lasts 30 seconds. If the shot clock hits zero, it's a shot clock violation. Shot clock violations are considered turnovers.
A shot clock violation will be called on a team if
- a change of possession or turnover has not been made
- a score has not been made
- the ball has not touched the rim
The backcourt is the half of the court that a team is in when they first get possession of the ball. A team's own net is in their backcourt. Teams will be called for a backcourt violation if they fail to bring the ball past the midcourt line within eight seconds in the NBA. The NBA backcourt violation is also called the 8-second rule.
PRO TIP: It's also considered a back court violation if a team retreats with the ball into their backcourt once they've entered the front court.
Held Ball Violation
A paint violation will be called on any offensive player or defensive player if they stay in the paint for longer than three seconds. A player's feet determine their location in the paint. Paint violations are also known as the 3-second rule. You may sometimes hear it called the defensive 3-second rule or offensive 3-second rule separately.
PRO TIP: Defensive players are allowed to stay in the paint for longer than three seconds as long as they are guarding a player.