The referees are responsible for calling violations on players who violate the rules of the game. All time violations result in a turnover and the other team getting possession of the ball.
In this tutorial, we'll discuss violations that are called on players if the break rules related to the time and the clocks in basketball.
Shot Clock Violation
The shot clock keeps track of how long a team can have possession of the ball. In the NBA, the shot clock lasts 24 seconds. In college basketball, the shot clock lasts 30 seconds. If the shot clock hits zero, it's a shot clock violation. Shot clock violations are considered turnovers.
A shot clock violation will be called on a team if
- a change of possession or turnover has not been made
- a score has not been made
- the ball has not touched the rim
PRO TIP: It's still a shot clock violation if the ball hits the backboard. The ball has to touch a team's own rim for the shot clock to reset.
If the ball leaves the player's hands before the shot clock hits zero, it is not a shot clock violation if a buzzer beat er is made or the ball hits the rim.
The backcourt is the half of the court that a team is in when they first get possession of the ball. A team's own net is in their backcourt. Teams will be called for a backcourt violation if they fail to bring the ball past the midcourt line within eight seconds in the NBA. The NBA backcourt violation is also called the 8-second rule.
PRO TIP: It's also considered a back court violation if a team retreats with the ball into their backcourt once they've entered the front court.
Held Ball Violation
The ball-handler will be called for held ball violation if he holds onto the ball for longer than five seconds. Held ball violations are also known as the 5-second rule.
PRO TIP: You may see defensive players set traps on the court to force a held-ball violation. If the ball-handler gets stuck in the corner or near the boundary lines, he may be unable to escape.
A paint violation will be called on any offensive player or defensive player if they stay in the paint for longer than three seconds. A player's feet determine their location in the paint. Paint violations are also known as the 3-second rule. You may sometimes hear it called the defensive 3-second rule or offensive 3-second rule separately.
PRO TIP: Defensive players are allowed to stay in the paint for longer than three seconds as long as they are guarding a player.