The basketball court is where the game of basketball is played. Basketball can be played indoors or outside, on cement, concrete, or on wooden floors. Each team gets a hoop to defend located on both ends of the court. Teams can earn points by throwing the ball into their net.
Basketball Court Parts
There are lots of parts that make up a basketball court. Some of the pieces have multiple names. Here is a list of all the components of a court you should know:
- Basket, backboard, and net
- Center circle (also known as the jump circle)
- The paint (also known as the lane, key, and free throw lane)
Basketball Court Lines
Every line on the court has a purpose and has an impact on the game. The following are all of the lines that make up a basketball court:
- Baselines (also known as the end lines)
- Free throw line (also known as the foul line)
- Free throw line extended
- Midcourt line (also known as the half-court line and timeline)
- Three point arc (also known as the three point line)
- NBA restricted area
We'll learn about the court lines and their significance in future tutorials.
The three-point line (arc) surrounds each hoop and denotes if a ball is worth two or three points. Inside the three-point line is the paint, free throw line, and restricted area.
The perimeter of the court consists of the sidelines and baselines. Together these lines are known as the boundary lines. If a player steps on or crosses the boundaries, they are out of bounds. A player can come back inbounds at any time, but if they step out of bounds with the ball, it's a turnover and the other team gets possession.
Basketball Court Areas
There are lots of places to shoot the ball from on the court. Here is a list of various areas and locations you'll hear about on the court:
- Low post
- High post
- Low blocks
- Top of the key
We'll learn more about the court areas and their significance in future tutorials.