Basketball Team Fouls
Player fouls also count towards the team's total foul count. Referees keep track of both player fouls and team fouls in every game.
Resetting Team Fouls In Basketball
A team's foul count will reset at various times in a game like at the end of each quarter or half.
In college basketball, team fouls reset at the start of the second half. In the NBA, team fouls reset after every quarter.
Penalty Situations In Basketball
If a team reaches the foul limit for team fouls, they are in a penalty situation. There are two types of penalty situations in basketball:
PRO TIP: If you're watching a basketball game on tv, you can see if a team is in a penalty situation by looking near the scoreboard. It will sometimes even list the total team foul count.
The bonus is different in the NBA and college basketball. You can learn more about penalty situations in Basketball Bonus and Basketball Double Bonus.
If a team commits five fouls in a quarter or two fouls in the final 2:00 of a quarter, they are in the bonus. In the NBA, teams get two free throws every time a player is fouled for the bonus.
College Basketball 1 And 1 Bonus
If a team commits seven fouls in a half, they are in the bonus. The bonus is also called one-and-one in college basketball because the free throw shooter can get one additional free throw only if he makes the first one in.
You can learn more about the bonus in Basketball Bonus.
College Basketball Double Bonus
When a team is in the double bonus, they get two free throws every time a player is fouled. A team is only in the double bonus once they've committed ten fouls. The double bonus only exists in college basketball.
You can learn more about the double bonus in Basketball Double Bonus.
Inbound Pass In Basketball
If a foul is called when a team is not in a penalty situation, then the other team gets possession of the ball with an inbound pass at the nearest sideline.