The Basketball Court
There is a hoop on both sides of the court where all scoring happens in a game. The hoop consists of a basket, backboard, and net. Whenever the ball goes through the rim and into the net, points are earned for a team.
To score points, the ball must pass through the rim and through the mesh netting. A player must also be inbounds when shooting the ball. The three-point line surrounds each basket. If a player shoots the ball into the net from outside the three-point arc, it's worth three points. A basket is worth two points, if the ball is shot inside the three-point line.
At the start of every half, a jump ball takes place at the center circle to put the ball into play. On a jump ball, one player from each team jumps into the air and tips the basketball towards a teammate.
The format of a basketball game is four quarters in the NBA that last 12 minutes each. In college basketball, there are no quarters. Instead, there are two halves of game time that last 20 minutes. Overtime is used if the score is tied at the end of the 4th quarter.
Each team has five players on the court playing both offense and defense. A basketball team has a point guard, shooting guard, small forward, power forward, and center. Players move the ball on the court by shooting, passing, dribbling, and pivoting.
Jump balls and throw-ins are used to put the ball in play. Coaches can make substitutions for their players when the ball is dead. The referees will blow their whistle and stop play if a foul or violation happens on the floor. There are lots of fouls and violations in basketball. When a player is fouled, they get free throws. A free throw, or foul shot is worth one point if the free throw shooter makes a basket from the free throw line. If a violation is called, it's a turnover and the other team gets possession of the ball. A personal foul is called on any player that makes illegal physical contact with an opposing player. An example of a violation is a shot clock violation that happens when the shot clock hits zero.