We've already learned that basketball is a 5-on-5 game, meaning there are five (5) players on the court per team at all times. Since basketball games last sixty (60) minutes in the NBA and forty (40) minutes in the NCAA, it makes sense that these same five (5) players don't play the entire game. They are substituted out.
A substitution is the act of replacing one or more (1+) players of a team on the court with players from the player benches located on the sidelines. Of course, these players have to be on the team roster.
When Does A Substitution Happen In Basketball?
The ball is declared 'dead' by officials for reasons like:
How Often Can A Basketball Team Make Substitutions?
A rotation is a type of strategy used by coaches to maximize player performance. It is a defined schedule that coaches make determining how much playing time each player and when they get substituted.
We will learn more about rotations in later chapters.