Basketball Shot Types
In basketball, there are only two ways to score points - with field goals and free throws. In both cases, a player must shoot the ball into his team's net. This may sound easy enough, but players on the opposing team are there to stop them. As a result, players have developed an arsenal of shot types to use in various game situations to give them the best chance at making baskets. Here is a list of the basic shot types in basketball:
The backboard is a piece of equipment in basketball that is used by players on various types of shots. Backboards are especially useful on bank shots and layups. As a player, you should use the backboard to aim and frame your shot.
A swish in basketball is a shot that goes into the net without touching any part of the hoop or backboard. It is called a swish because it makes a swish-like sound as it goes through the net if you listen closely.
A layup is the most basic shot type in basketball. Layups utilize the backboard by bouncing off of it before going into the net. On a layup, players approach the net and toss the ball towards the backboard with an overhand or underhand motion. When performing a layup, you pick a side of the basket to approach, either the left side or right side of the net. As a player, you should practice making layups from both sides of the net because you never know when side is being guarded by defensive players.
A dunk, or slam dunk, is a type of shot where the ball-handler leaps into the air and places the ball into the net. Dunking requires a player to jump higher than the ring, which is 10ft above the floor in college basketball. On a dunk, a teammate can also pass you the ball. As a player, you should practice driving towards the basket and dunking in a one on one situation.
Basketball Jump Shots
A jump shot in basketball is exactly what it sounds like. On a jump shot, the shooter will jump into the air as he releases the ball from his hands. Jumping helps the shooter get a height advantage over the defensive player who is guarding him. Players practice jump shots frequently, so jumping also helps with the timing of the shot. As a player, you can utilize jump shots from anywhere on the court.
Basketball Hook Shots
A hook shot in basketball is an overhand shot, typically made with one hand. Hook shots can be made while the shooter is facing the net directly or at a sideways angle. As a player, you should utilize hook shots when inside the three-point line near the lane or when you're posting up.
Basketball Bank Shots
A bank shot in basketball is a type of shot that relies on the backboard. On a bank shot, the ball bounces off the backboard before going into the net. As a player, you should practice bank shots because they are a high percentage shot. Learning to use the backboard as a tool is critical for mastering the bank shot.
A tip-in in basketball is more of reaction to a missed shot rather than a shot type. On a tip-in a teammate will tap the ball into the net if it looks like it's going to miss. As a player, you need to have a quick reaction to make a tip-in.
Basketball Free Throws
A free throw is way for teams to score points after a foul is called on the opposing team. Here are the best shot types for making free throws:
- Bank shots
- Hook shots
- Jump shots
- Overhand or underhand shots