Set The Screen
If you are the screener, follow these steps to perform the screen:
- As the screener, set the screen by signaling to the dribbler.
- Get into position by planting your feet shoulder width apart.
- Remain stationary so that you don't get called for a personal foul.
If you are the dribbler, follow these steps on the screen:
- Look for your screener's signal.
- Dribble into position as the screener sets the screen.
- Run around the screener into the opening on the floor.
If the screen is successful, as the dribbler you should have open court to pass, shoot, or drive towards the basket.
Basketball Screen Types
There are lots of screen types in basketball. Here is a list of the basic types of screens players should know:
- Back Screens
- Cross Screens
- Down Screens
- Double Screens
- Flare Screens
- On Ball Screens (Pick And Rolls)
On a back screen, the screener will set a screen on a defender in the paint to open a gap for a teammate on the perimeter to drive towards the basket. The dribbler should watch for the screen and then pass to the open teammate coming from the perimeter.
On a down screen, the screener sets the screen on a defender near the baseline to create a gap on the floor for the dribbler to shoot. Down screens are great for setting up the shooting guards making treys from downtown.
On a double screen, two screeners set screens instead of one. Double screens are great for confusing the defense and creating a bigger gap for longer on the floor since defensive players have to run around the screeners.
On a flare screen, the screener sets the screen on a defender near the top of the key to create an opening on the perimeter. As the dribbler you should be prepared to pass to an open teammate at the corners.
On Ball Screen (Pick And Rolls)
An on ball screen, also known as a pick and roll, is a classic screen. In a pick and roll, the screener will set the screen and block the defensive player guarding the dribbler. The dribbler will then move around the screener and drive towards the basket.
Basketball Personal Fouls
Basketball does not allow for much direct physical contact between players. Players risk getting called for personal fouls if they do not adhere to the rules of the game. A player cannot impede the movement or progress of another player. A personal foul will be called on a player who uses his/her body to push, hold, or run into another player.