We've already learned in past chapters that basketball does not allow for much physical contact. Players risk getting called for a personal foul if they do not adhere to the rules of the game.
REMEMBER: A player cannot impede the movement or progress of another player. A personal foul will be called on a player who uses his/her body to push, hold, or run into another player.
In this chapter, we will learn about the basics of screens.
A screen is a strategy in basketball used by the team on offense to create openings on the court for shooting, passing, or moving closer to the basket.
How Does It Work?
A screen works by having an offensive player legally block a defensive player.
The player that sets the screen is called the screener. The screener will typically signal that he/she is going to perform a screen notifying his fellow teammates that they should prepare for it.
Once the screener has signaled that a screen is coming, he/she will get into position and plant his/her feet wide apart and remain stationary so that a personal foul cannot be called.
The Open Teammate
Now that the screener is in position, his/her teammate will run around the screener with the hopes of having the screener block the defensive player.
If successful, this player should have time to make a pass, catch a pass, shoot, or move toward the basket.
There are lots of ways to incorporate a screen strategy in the offensive play book of a basketball team. Once such play is called a pick and roll, which we will learn about next.