In this tutorial, we will learn what a personal foul is and how to avoid getting called for one in basketball.
Illegal Physical Contact
- hold an opposing player
- push an opposing player
- run or charge into an opposing player
- impede the movement or progress of an opposing player using your body (i.e. arms, forearms, legs, body)
Personal Foul Rewards
If you get called for a personal foul on the court, the other team will either get possession of the ball or free throws depending on the team foul count. If your team is in a penalty situation, you will get one or two free throws depending on the foul count.
If you get called for a personal foul on a player that is shooting the ball, they can get up to three free throws. This is called a shooting foul, and it depends on where the shooter is on the court when they take the shot.
You can learn more about shooting fouls in Basketball Shooting Fouls.
Personal fouls count towards both the player's individual foul count as well as the team's foul count.
You can learn more about fouling out in Basketball Foul Out.