We've already learned about fouling out and team fouls. When a player commits a personal foul, the referees count it as a player foul and team foul.
In this tutorial, we will learn what a personal foul is and how to avoid getting called for one in basketball.
A personal foul is called on any player that makes illegal physical contact with another player on the court using any part of his body to impede their movement.
Illegal Physical Contact
What counts as illegal physical contact in the NBA and college basketball? If you do any of the following you will be called for a personal foul.
Personal Foul Rewards
If you get called for a personal foul on the court, the other team will either get possession of the ball or free throws depending on the team foul count. If your team is in a penalty situation, you will get one or two free throws depending on the foul count.
You can learn more about the bonus, one and one, and the double bonus with these tutorials.
If you get called for a personal foul on a player that is shooting the ball, they can get up to three free throws. This is called a shooting foul, and it depends on where the shooter is on the court when they take the shot.
You can learn more about shooting fouls in Basketball Shooting Fouls.
Personal fouls count towards both the player's individual foul count as well as the team's foul count.
You can learn more about team fouls in Basketball Team Fouls.
If a player commits too many fouls, they will go over the limit and foul out of the game. When a player fouls out, they are benched and cannot return to play.
You can learn more about fouling out in Basketball Foul Out.