Basketball Free Throw
Basketball Free Throw Line
Basketball Free Throw Shooter
A free throw shooter, the player that is fouled, will take the free throw attempts. Six players, four from the opposing team and two players from the free throw shooter's team line up along the borders of the lane and wait for the free throw shooter to take his free throws. All other players on both teams must remain behind the free throw line extended.
Basketball Free Throw Attempt
Once the free throw shooter is in place behind the free throw line, he will get the ball from the referee to take the free throw. The free throw shooter may bounce the ball in place before attempting the shot. Two things can happen on a free throw attempt:
- The free throw is made
- The free throw misses
Basketball Penalty Situation
When a team is in a penalty situation they get more than one free throw as a result of the other team fouling too many times. There are three different penalty situations in basketball.
In college basketball, there are two penalty situations:
College Basketball One And One
One and one in college basketball is a penalty situation that grants a team one free throw and an additional free throw if the free throw shooter makes the first one in. One and one happens when a team reaches seven fouls in a single half.
You can learn more about the one and one in Basketball One And One.
College Basketball Double Bonus
The double bonus is a penalty situation only in college basketball that gives a team two free throw attempts every time a player is fouled. The double bonus only happens when a team commits ten or more fouls in a single half.
NBA Basketball Bonus
Substitute Free Throw Shooter
A substitute free throw shooter can take the place of the original free throw shooter if he is injured on the play like after a flagrant foul. The head coach can choose one of the other four players on the floor as a substitute free throw shooter.
Basketball Free Throw Percentage
A free throw percentage in basketball is a statistic that keeps track of a player's success rate during a season on shooting free throws. In the NBA, a good free throw percentage is anything above 70%. In college basketball, a good free throw percentage is anything above 50%.