In this chapter, we will learn what a field goal is, how it is made, and how many points it's worth.
REMEMBER: No one really them field goals except for announcers, analysts, and die-hard fans. This is the technical term used in the rulebooks.
The Three-Point Line
If the player touches or is inside the three-point line when the ball is shot it is worth two (2) points. If the player shoots while outside the three-point line a made basket is worth three (3) points.
Scoring A Field Goal
For a field goal to count three (3) things must happen:
- the player must shoot the ball into his/her team's basket
- the player must keep both feet inbounds when taking the shot
- the ball must leave the player's hands before the shot clock runs out
Whenever a field goal is made, the other team gets possession of the ball. They have to put the ball into play with an inbound pass from behind the baseline. We will learn more about inbound passes in future chapters.
The shot clock keeps track of how long a team can have possession of the ball. In pro (NBA) basketball, the shot clock lasts twenty-four (24) seconds. In college (NCAA) basketball, the shot clock lasts thirty (30) seconds.
If a player is fouled while attempting a field goal he/she is awarded with free throws. The player will get either two (2) or three (3) free throws depending on where they attempted the shot. We will learn more about shooting fouls in future chapters.
Field Goal Percentage
A statistic you should know as a basketball fan is a player's field goal percentage. This stat will tell you how successful a player has been in the past at shooting from both inside and beyond the three-point line. In both college (NCAA) and pro (NBA) basketball, a good field goal percentage is anything above 50%.