- Basket, Backboard, & Net
- Front Court and Back Court
- Center Circle / Jump Circle
- Three-point Arc
- Lane / Paint / Key / Free Throw lane
- Low Blocks
The Basket, Backboard, & Net
The most important component on a basketball court is the basket.
REMEMBER: Each team gets a basket to defend. In basketball, a team is always defending the opposing team's basket. We know it may sound strange, but a team is always trying to score points in their own basket.
Front Court And Back Court
We've already learned about the midcourt line. It is located at the middle of the court and divides it into two equal sized pieces called the front court and back court.
IMPORTANT: Notice the arrow of possession in the above? That refers to the direction that the team with the ball is heading. The front court and back court are relative to which team has the possession of the ball. The team that has possession of the basketball has their basket located in the back court.
The Center Circle
Also known as the jump circle, the center circle is located in the middle of the court. It is divided by the midcourt line. It is used to put the ball into play with jump balls, which we'll learn about in future chapters.
We've already learned about the three-point line. It is an important component on a basketball court. For now, just know that it is used to determine whether a successful field goal is worth either two points or three points. We'll learn more about scoring points in basketball in future chapters.
Also known as the lane, the key, or the free throw lane, the paint is an area of the court you should know as a fan. There are specific rules in basketball tied to the paint like the 3-second rule, which penalizes any player that spends longer than three (3) seconds in the paint. We'll learn more about violations in the paint in future chapters.
There are two areas located on the edges of the paint called the low blocks. They are commonly used in play design by coaches showing where certain players should position themselves during a basketball game.