When a team commits too many fouls in a basketball game, they enter into a penalty situation. Penalty situations award the other team with extra free throws every time a player on their team is fouled. There are two types of penalty situations in basketball:
The bonus in basketball is a penalty situation that teams enter when they commit too many team fouls in a quarter or half. The bonus rules and foul limits are different for high school basketball, college basketball, the NBA, and FIBA.
NBA Bonus Rules
In the NBA, the bonus has the following rules. A team will enter a bonus penalty situation if they exceed the team foul limit in a quarter of five or more fouls in a quarter or two fouls in the last 2:00 of a quarter.
Every time a player is fouled when his team is in the bonus, the free throw shooter gets two free throws.
FIBA Bonus Rules
In FIBA, the bonus rules are similar to the NBA and give players two free throws every time a player is fouled. Technical fouls do not count towards the team foul limit. FIBA does not count offensive fouls towards the team foul limit.
College Basketball One And One
In college basketball, the bonus has the following rules. A team will enter a bonus penalty situation if they reach seven, eight, or nine team fouls in a half.
You can learn more about one and one, with our tutorial Basketball One And One.