We've already learned about penalty situations. A penalty situation refers to the point in the game when a team has surpasses the limit of team fouls.
The bonus refers to a penalty situation in both NCAA and NBA basketball when the number of team fouls exceeds a certain limit.
In the NCAA, that limit is seven (7) team fouls in a single half. In the NBA, that limit is five (5) team fouls in a period or two (2) team fouls in the last two minutes of any period.
In NCAA college basketball, the bonus is called one-and-one. When a team is in the bonus, a player gets a up to two (2) free throws, but can only take the second free throw if he/she makes the first one.
NBA Bonus Free Throws
The bonus in NBA basketball, gives each player that is fouled two (2) free throws if the other team is in a penalty situation.
Another penalty situation called the double bonus exists, but only in college basketball. We will learn about the double bonus next.