When a team commits too many fouls in a basketball game, they enter into a penalty situation. Penalty situations award the other team with extra free throws every time a player on their team is fouled. There are two types of penalty situations in basketball:
- The bonus
- The double bonus
The bonus in basketball is a penalty situation that teams enter when they commit too many team fouls in a quarter or half. The bonus rules and foul limits are different for high school basketball, college basketball, the NBA, and FIBA.
NBA Bonus Rules
In the NBA, the bonus has the following rules. A team will enter a bonus penalty situation if they exceed the team foul limit in a quarter of five or more fouls in a quarter or two fouls in the last 2:00 of a quarter.
IMPORTANT: Technical fouls and offensive fouls do not count towards the team foul limit.
Every time a player is fouled when his team is in the bonus, the free throw shooter gets two free throws.
FIBA Bonus Rules
In FIBA, the bonus rules are similar to the NBA and give players two free throws every time a player is fouled. Technical fouls do not count towards the team foul limit. FIBA does not count offensive fouls towards the team foul limit.
College Basketball One And One
In college basketball, the bonus has the following rules. A team will enter a bonus penalty situation if they reach seven, eight, or nine team fouls in a half.
Every time a player is fouled in the bonus, the free throw shooter gets one free throw and another free throw if they make the first shot in. The college basketball bonus is called one and one.
You can learn more about one and one, with our tutorial Basketball One And One.
High School Basketball Bonus
In high school basketball, teams enter the bonus, one and one, if they exceed seven fouls in a half. If the free throw shooter makes the first free throw, they get a second free throw.
Team fouls and the bonus penalty situation resets after the first half and at the start of overtime.
Team Fouls Reset
If a team is in the bonus, the penalty situation resets at the end of each quarter or half and at the start of overtime.