The rules for timeouts are different based on the league and level of play. However, the overall concept of what a timeout is remains the same. Timeouts are called to temporarily stop the game clock and shot clock from ticking.
PRO TIP: The shot clock does not reset after a timeout is called. Instead, it stops ticking and will resume when the ball becomes live again.
The rules of NBA timeouts have changed as recently as 2017. The new rules allow seven timeouts per team, with each timeout lasting 75 seconds. However, there are restrictions upon when these timeouts may be used:
These rules help the game flow more smoothly. In the past, there have been many concerns about the extremely slow pace of the last few minutes of games. These new rules ensure teams do not take too much time in the final minutes.
In college basketball, teams get six timeouts that last either 75 seconds or 30 seconds long. Teams get four timeouts that last 75 seconds and two timeouts that last 30 seconds.
While the rules differ in every state, the standard number of timeouts in high school basketball is five-three full timeouts and two 30-second ones.
PRO TIP: If a team calls a timeout when their team doesn't have any timeouts left, they will receive a technical foul.
A team can only call a timeout in the following game situations:
Mandatory timeouts, also known as media or TV timeouts, are automatic timeouts charged to either team when there have not yet been any timeouts taken. These are signaled by the officials and last longer than regular timeouts. In the NBA, there are two mandatory timeouts per quarter. These take place at the next dead ball after the clock goes under 6:59 and 2:59.
In men's college basketball, TV timeouts are taken after the 16:00-, 12:00-, 8:00-, and 4:00-minute marks. If a timeout is called before these marks, it will be used as the TV timeout.
Mandatory timeouts exist to allow players to rest and recover. They are also important for media because they allow commercials to air.