Dribbling in basketball is an action the ball-handler can take to move the ball on the court while retaining possession. Dribbling differs from passing since the same player retains control of the ball. Dribbling is a continuous motion that a player uses to repeatedly bounce the ball off the floor.
Once a player obtains the ball, he or she becomes the dribbler. That player has a few main options for what they can do with the ball. The player can choose to dribble, moving toward another player, away from the defense, or toward the basket and advance the play further. They can choose to shoot the ball, hoping to make a 2-pointer or a 3-pointer or to possibly earn 2 foul shots. The player can also choose to pass the ball, whether as a bounce pass, air pass, or a chest pass. Lastly, the player can choose to pivot with the ball to get a new angle or shake off their defender.
Since the dribbler is the player with the ball, they are the most important player in that moment. The dribbler has the power to make a play happen and has to make the decision on what to do. The dribbler should become a triple threat to the defender, meaning he or she can pass, dribble, or shoot at any moment to make that defender's job more difficult.
At any point, the ball-handler can stop dribbling and pick up his dribble. When a player decides to pick up the dribble, he grabs the ball and holds it. Once a player picks up his dribble, he can no longer dribble again. Instead, he can only pass, shoot, or pivot.
Pivoting in basketball is an action the ball-handler can take by rotating around his pivot foot. Players can pick their pivot foot when they choose to pick up their dribble. A player's pivot foot must remain on the ground when pivoting and can only come off the floor when the player shoots or passes.
We'll learn more about pivoting in Basketball Pivoting.
If a player breaks any of these dribbling rules, a violation will be called by the referee. Violations result in a turnover and the other team getting the ball. These are simple mistakes in basketball that can have a large impact during a game. Here is a list of dribbling violations in basketball:
When you pick up your dribble, you can only take two steps before a referee calls you for traveling. This often occurs when a player is driving the basket and stops dribbling the ball to go up for a shot. If a player stops dribbling and takes 3 or more steps, they have traveled.
Carrying is when a player places his or her hand under the basketball and continues dribbling. If you pick up the ball, you must stop dribbling and establish a pivot foot. Carries are often called when players lift the basketball when they dribble.
Double dribbling is when a player simultaneously uses both hands to dribble the ball or grabs the ball with both hands and then dribbles again. You are allowed to use either hand to dribble, but you can't touch the ball with both hands at the same time.