The baseball field is a beautiful feat of engineering. The size of the field is mostly standardized, but may differ based on the level of play and stadium. Made of dirt and grass, the field consists of the infield and the outfield. The infield, known as the diamond, is where most of the action happens. There are many parts of the field that have unique purposes in the game. The batter waits in the batter's box for the pitcher to pitch the ball from the mound. Fielders stand on the three bases, and the catcher and umpire remain behind home plate.
Professional baseball fields are on average a bit bigger than college and high school fields in the outfield, but almost all regulation baseball infields have bases that are 90 ft apart. Softball fields tend to be smaller as well, with 60 ft in between the bases.
In the MLB, the distance between the four bases has to be 90 feet. The pitcher's rubber has to be 60 feet 6 inches from the front of home plate. The size of the mound, bases, infield, home plate circle are also standardized. However, the outfield and foul territory depend on the stadium. This can help, or hurt, the home team. Yankee Stadium is famously a "hitters ballpark" because of shallow outfield walls, especially in right field. No A's player has won a batting title, partially because of the big foul territory at the Oakland Coliseum.
The baseball field has four corners that make up the infield made of sand. It extends backward into a grassy patch known as the outfield. Those four corners are known as bases: first base, second base, third base and home plate, moving counterclockwise. In the middle of the diamond, between home and second base, is where the pitching rubber lies and where play begins. Two lines extend diagonally from home plate known as foul lines, which are the boundaries in baseball.
Baseball is most often played in open stadiums or outdoor fields, making games susceptible to weather, so it makes sense that it begins in the spring and ends in the early fall. White lines, made of non-toxic white chalk, mark the running lane for the players. In professional leagues like the MLB, the infield is made of dirt that must be leveled.
The Outfield is the area between the foul lines formed by extending the two sides of the square. The outfield is made entirely of grass and extends into the spectator seating area.
Spectator seating is called the grandstand, covered with a roof wrapping entirely around home plate.
Each team has a dugout or a bench reserved for players and other members of the team. No one except players, substitutes, managers, coaches, trainers, and batboys can occupy a bench in the dugout during a game.