# Baseball Offensive Stats

In baseball, there are a variety of statistics which fans and coaches can use to judge the quality of certain players, and of overall teams. These stats enumerate important aspects of a baseball game, and how well a player is doing by each standard. Baseball stats are generally divided into two categories: offensive and defensive stats. Below, we will take a look at basic offensive stats and examine what each stat means.

**The following offensive statistics are generally considered the most important offensive stats for any baseball player, and are usually among the first seen on their profiles or records:**

## At-Bats (AB)

**At-bats refers to the number of times a player reached a base** as a result of fielder’s choice, a hit, an error, or was put out on a non-sacrifice play.

## Plate Appearances (PA)

**Plate appearances refers to t****he number of times in a game that a player completed his turn at batting,** regardless of the result of that turn.

## Runs (R)

Runs refers to the number of times in a game that **a player crossed home plate to score.**

## Hits (H)

Hits refers to the number of times in a game that **a player safely reached base after hitting a ball.**

## Extra-Base Hits (XBH)

**Extra-base hits are hits in which the batter is able to reach at least second base without the help of an error or fielder’s choice.** Extra-base hits include doubles, triples, and home runs.

## Walks (BB)

**Walks refer to the number of times a player was allowed to advance automatically to first base** after receiving four pitches that are called balls by the umpire. Also known as a “base on balls (BB).”

## Intentional Walks (IBB)

**Intentional walks refers to the number of times a player was deliberately walked by pitchers,** usually as a means of avoiding pitching to a dangerous batter in a big spot or setting up additional force outs defensively.

## Strikeouts (SO or K)

**Strikeouts refer to the number of times a player received three strikes while at-bat, earning an out.** A strikeout in which the player swings at and misses all three strikes is called a “swinging strikeout,” and is denoted by a standard K. A strikeout in which the player does not attempt to swing on the third strike is called a “looking strikeout,” and is recorded with a backwards K.

## Runs Batted In (RBI)

Runs batted in refers to the number of times in a game that **a player's hit directly resulted in a run being scored.**

## Batting Average (BA or AVG)

Batting average is a measure of a batter’s success at the plate. **It is determined by dividing a player's total number of hits by their number of at-bats,** which will come out to a number between zero and one. Batting average is expressed as a decimal written to three places (i.e., .250 or .321).

## On-Base Percentage (OBP)

On-base percentage measures how often a batter reaches a base per plate appearance. Legal methods of reaching a base that are accounted for in OBP include hits, walks, and hits-by-pitches, and not errors, fielder’s choices, dropped third strikes, or sacrifice bunts or flies. **OBP is calculated via the formula OBP = (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats + Walks + Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies).**

## Slugging Percentage (SLG)

**Slugging percentage expresses the number of bases a player records per at-bat.** Slugging only includes hits and does not count walks and hit-by-pitches.

## On-Base Plus Slugging (OPS)

**OPS combines on-base percentage and slugging in one statistic.** This equally weighs a hitter’s ability to reach base against their hitting for average and power.

## Doubles (2B)

**Doubles are extra-base hits in which the runner reaches second base. **It is important to note that runners who pick up a base hit but then proceed to second base on an error or a throw to another base in the infield are not credited with a double.

## Triples (3B)

**Doubles are extra-base hits in which the runner reaches third base. **It is important to note that runners who pick up a double but then proceed to third base on an error or a throw to another base in the infield are not credited with a triple.

## Home Runs (HR)

**Home runs is the total number of home runs scored, typically over a season or career.** A player records a home run when they hit a ball farther than the outfield fence and score as a result.

## Total Bases (TB)

**The complete number of bases gained by a batter **through hits over the course of a game or a career.

## Stolen Bases (SB)

**Stolen bases are the number of times a baserunner advances a base he did not reach by hitting or by another batter advancing him. **Bases are most commonly stolen while a pitcher is throwing a pitch. For example, if a player hits a single, he gets a stolen base if he safely reaches second while a pitch is being thrown.

## Caught Stealing (CS)

**The inverse of stolen bases, caught stealing (CS) represents the number of times a runner has attempted to steal a base and been thrown out.** This does not include scenarios in which a runner successfully steals the next base but then attempts to reach the base after that, only to get tagged out.

## Double Plays (GDP)

**Double plays refers to the number of times a batter hits a ball that results in multiple outs** on bases over the course of one play.

## FAQ

### What are some offensive stats in baseball?

**Some offensive stats in baseball are batting average, home runs, and runs batted in (RBI). **Other offensive stats include on-base percentage (OPS), slugging percentage (SLG), and stolen bases (SB).