More Sports




Baseball 101Baseball Base RunningBaseball BattingBaseball Batting StancesBaseball Common PenaltiesBaseball DefenseBaseball FieldingBaseball HistoryBaseball Hit TypesBaseball InningsBaseball OffenseBaseball OutsBaseball Pitch TypesBaseball PitchingBaseball RunsBaseball Strike ZoneBaseball UmpiresBaseball WalksBaseball Windup And Stretch Pitching


10 Best Baseball Books In 202010 Most Common Baseball InjuriesHow Do You Win In Baseball?How Does Baseball Betting Work?Is Baseball An Olympic Sport?MLB All Star Game formatTop 10 Baseball BallsTop 10 Baseball BooksTop 10 Baseball BrandsTop 10 Baseball CardsTop 10 Baseball Games All TimeTop 10 Baseball MoviesTop 10 Baseball Video GamesTop 10 Fantasy Baseball PitchersTop 10 Fantasy Baseball WebsitesTop 10 MLB Baseball PlayersTop 10 Most Iconic Moments In MLB HistoryTop 10 NCAA Baseball ProgramsTop 25 Baseball Players All TimeTop 30 Baseball StadiumsTop 5 Baseball Coaching MistakesWhen do you have to run in baseball?


Baseball Equipment List


Baseball Leagues


Around The Horn BaseballBaseball Ahead In The CountBaseball BallBaseball BaserunnerBaseball BatterBaseball Batter-runnerBaseball Batting OrderBaseball Behind In The CountBaseball BuntsBaseball Ceremonial PitchBaseball Contact PlayBaseball CountBaseball Even CountBaseball Fly BallBaseball Force PlaysBaseball Foul BallBaseball Full CountBaseball Ground BallsBaseball Hitter's CountBaseball Home RunsBaseball Lingo And TerminologyBaseball OverthrowBaseball RotationBaseball RundownBaseball StrikesCaught Looking BaseballFoul Tip BaseballLead Off BaseballPick Off BaseballThe World Baseball Classic

MLB Teams

Baseball List Of Mlb Teams


Albert Pujols Bio And FactsAlex Rodriguez Bio And FactsBabe Ruth Bio And FactsBarry Bonds Bio And FactsBryce Harper Bio And FactsDerek Jeter Bio And FactsHank Aaron Bio And FactsJackie Robinson Bio And FactsMickey Mantle Bio And FactsMike Trout Bio And FactsTed Williams Bio And FactsWillie Mays Bio And Facts


Baseball CatcherBaseball Center FielderBaseball First BasemanBaseball Hitter TypesBaseball Left FielderBaseball PitcherBaseball PositionsBaseball Relief PitcherBaseball Right FielderBaseball Second BasemanBaseball ShortstopBaseball StarterBaseball Third Baseman


Baseball Appeal RulesBaseball Automatic Strike RulesBaseball Balk RulesBaseball Base Running RulesBaseball Batting RulesBaseball Dead Ball RulesBaseball Designated Hitter RulesBaseball Disabled ListBaseball Ejection RulesBaseball Extra Innings RulesBaseball Fair Or Foul Ball RulesBaseball Fighting RulesBaseball Forfeit RulesBaseball Ground Rule DoubleBaseball Infield Fly RulesBaseball Interference RulesBaseball Pinch Hitter RulesBaseball Pinch Runner RulesBaseball Pitching RulesBaseball Rain Delay RulesBaseball Replay RulesBaseball Roster RulesBaseball Rules And RegulationsBaseball Rundown RulesBaseball Sliding And Diving RulesBaseball Stealing RulesBaseball Substitution RulesBaseball Tag Out RulesBaseball Tagging Up RulesBaseball Timeout RulesBaseball Wild Pitch RulesHow Does Scoring Work In Baseball?Top 10 Baseball RulesWhat Are The Rules Of Baseball?


Baseball AttemptBaseball Batting AverageBaseball Box ScoresBaseball Defensive StatsBaseball ErrorsBaseball Offensive StatsBaseball Pitcher StatsBaseball StatisticsWhat Is Slugging Percentage In Baseball


Baseball ShiftingBaseball StrategyDouble Switch BaseballHidden Ball Trick Baseball

The Field

Baseball AlleyBaseball Base PathBaseball BaselineBaseball Batter's BoxBaseball Black SeatsBaseball Bleacher SeatsBaseball Catcher's BoxBaseball DugoutBaseball Field ComponentsBaseball Field DimensionsBaseball Field LinesBaseball Foul PoleBaseball Home PlateBaseball No Man's LandBaseball Pitching MoundBaseball Running LaneBaseball The FieldBaseball Uecker SeatsBullpen BaseballCenterfield BaseballCoaches Box BaseballFirst Base BaseballFoul Line BaseballInfield BaseballLeft Field BaseballOutfield BaseballRight Field BaseballSecond Base BaseballThird Base Baseball

Baseball Batting Rules

Table of Contents


Batting Rules

The offense is the team currently at bat in the half-inning. One at a time, a batter comes to the plate to bat against the pitcher.

Baseball batter

Batting Order

Both teams follow a strict batting order that they determine at the start of each game. The batting order is a list of nine batters and their positions on the field. The batting order can not be changed, unless a substitution is made, in which the rules of baseball subsitions apply. Each player gets a chance to bat and won't get to bat again until each batter in the order has made a plate appearance.

At the start of each inning, the batter order continues from the last player to bat in the previous inning. Managers can make an appeal to the umpire if they believe a batter bats out of turn. However, if a mistake is made and no appeal is made, the game will continue as normal.

baseball batting order

Batter's Box Violation

When a player steps up to bat, he stands in the batter's box, the adjacent area to home plate. Batters can not leave the batter's box once the pitcher begins his pitching motion. If the batter leaves the box, the umpire will call a strike or ball as normal. There are two legal pitching motions in baseball called set and windup. An automatic strike will be called on the batter if he refuses to step into the batter's box. Batters must keep at least one foot inside the batter's box while swinging during the at bat. Batters can leave the box if they:

baseball batters box

Calling Time

If the pitcher has not started his motion, the batter or another player or manager on the team can request "time" from the umpire allowing him to leave the batter's box. Calling time is sometimes used to make a substitution, for injuries, and for taking a break in between swings.


Completing The At Bat

The batter finishes the at bat when he becomes a runner or is called out by the umpire. As a runner, he must advance to first base to become safe. Here is a list of ways the batter can get out:

  • Three strikes are called
  • The hit goes fair and is caught
  • A foul tip is caught with two strikes in the count
  • A bunt goes foul with two strikes in the count
  • Infield fly rule is called
  • The ball touches the batter
  • A fair ball touches the batter before a fielder
  • The batter hits the ball a second time after hitting it once
  • The batter interferes with the ball when running

Illegal Actions

The batter is not allowed to switch the batter's box he is batting in while the pitcher is throwing. The batter cannot hit the ball with his feet outside the batter's box. The batter will be called out if he prevents the catcher from making a play at home. Batters are not allowed to use illegal equipment that is not approved by the umpires.


Running To 1st Base

After the batter makes contact with the ball and it goes fair, he becomes a batter-runner. When running to first base, the batter must stay within the running lane. However, the batter is allowed to exit the three-foot running lane when in close proximity to first base. The batter is also allowed to overrun and slide at first base, but sliding is not recommended.


Dropped Third Strike Rule

The batter will become a runner if a third strike is called but is not cleanly caught by the catcher and there are two outs and first base is not occupied with another runner.



Batters are not allowed to interfere with play, especially with fielders. Batters will be called out for interference if they:

  • prevent the catcher from making a play
  • change the direction of a hit ball
  • Confuse fielders with an unsportsmanlike action
  • Interferes with a fielder's ability to make a play


A walk occurs if the batter is hit by a pitch while in the batter's box or gets four balls called by the umpire. The batter is awarded first base, even if the ball touches his clothing.