Now, let's dive deeper and explain the concept of an out.
An out is a concept in baseball that describes when a player, who is either currently at-bat or on-base as a baserunner, is taken out of play. The team at-bat is on offense. Once they get three (3) outs, the half-inning is over and teams switch roles on the field.
- A strikeout
- Caught baseball by a fielder
- Force out
- Tag out
- Interference by the batter or baserunner
- Failure of the baserunner to tag up
- Baserunner passes another baserunner
- Baserunner goes 3ft outside of the base path
- Baserunner failing to touch a base in the circuit
- Any pitch that ends up in the batter's strikezone and is not swung at by the batter.
- Any time the batter attempts to swing at a pitch and misses. This is called a swing and miss.
We'll learn more about the strike zone in future chapters. For now, understand that the strikezone is an imaginary 3D rectangle above home plate that is the width of home plate and the height between the batter's knee and chest. If the pitch is inside the strikezone, it is a strike; if it is outside the strikezone, it is a ball (which we will learn about in future chapters). The home plate umpire determines whether or not a pitch is in the strikezone.
An offensive player can also become out when he is not batting. When an offensive player is no longer at-bat and is instead attempting to advance bases, he is called a baserunner/runner. Baserunners cannot be out if they are touching the last base they safely advanced to.
A runner can also be thrown out. This happens when the baseball is thrown to a fielder occupying the next base the runner is advancing to. Once the fielder has possession of the baseball he steps on the base and, if he steps on the base before the runner reaches it, the runner is out.
Two (2) baserunners cannot occupy the same base at the same time. If two (2) baserunners occupy consecutive bases, and the latter baserunner attempts to advance bases, the baserunner in front of him must also advance the same number of bases. If a baserunner is tagged or thrown out because he was forced to leave his base in this situation, it is called a force out.