Baseball On Offense

The team that is at bat is on offense. Get ready to learn about when a team is batting (on offense) in baseball.


At all times during a baseball game, one team is on offense and the other team is on defense.

In this tutorial, we will learn what being on offense means.

On Offense

The team that is batting is on offense. A player is batting/at-bat when he is in the batter's box, receiving pitches thrown by the pitcher and trying to hit the baseball.

Baseball On Offense

Batting Order

When a team is on offense, their players go one-by-one to home plate to take their turn to bat. The order of batters is determined by a batting order, which we learned about previously in this chapter.

Baseball Batting Order

Since hits are one way to advance bases (and advancing enough bases eventually leads to scoring), batters attempt to hit the ball during their at-bat. To do this, the batter swings at pitches that are thrown by the pitcher and caught by the catcher. However, certain plays lead to the batter being out, ending his turn to hit or advance bases. When three (3) outs are made, the half-inning is over.

Scoring Runs

Runs are scored when baserunner completes the circuit of bases in the following order:

If a baserunner touches each base in the correct order he scores and his team earns a run. Remember that the team with the most runs at the end of the game is the winner.

IMPORTANT: Only the team that is on offense can score runs.

Baseball Run

Home Runs

A batter can automatically earn a run for his team if he hits a home run. A home run is when a batter hits the baseball beyond the outfield fence.

Goals While On Offense

The goals of a baseball team when on offense are only to score runs. As a batter, your goals should be the following:

REMEMBER: In baseball, a team scores when batters get on base and safely advance through all the bases to eventually come back to home plate. The opposing team tries to get the batter and baserunner(s) out before they can complete the circuit.

Transitions From Offense To Defense

Once the offensive team has three (3) outs, the half-inning ends and the teams switch roles. The team on offense now becomes the team on defense, and a new half-inning begins. We'll learn all about being on defense next.

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