Baseball On-Base

What is the outcome after a batter hits the baseball? How does a batter-runner get on-base? Get ready to learn about getting on base in baseball.


We've already learned about the batter and what it means for a team to be at-bat (on offense). We also learned about the various types of hits that batters can make and the stances they can take in the batter's box. But what happens next? What happens after the batter makes contact with a pitch?

In this tutorial, we will learn what happens when a batter-runner becomes safe on-base.


When a runner is on-base, he has safely reached a base after his at-bat.

Baseball On-Base

There are two (2) ways a batter can get on-base:

  1. Walks
  2. Hitting the baseball

We have already how batters can draw a walk, also known as a base-on-balls in Chapter 5.4: Baseball Walks. When a walk occurs, the batter immediately becomes a baserunner on first base. Now, let's learn what happens if a hit is made.

Batter To Batter-Runner To Baserunner

When the batter makes contact with a pitch, he immediately becomes a batter-runner with a goal of getting safe on-base. If the batter-runner becomes safe, he then becomes a baserunner.

Baseball Batter Transitions

Getting On-Base

The batter-runner should immediately run towards first base.

Baseball Batter-Runner

There are many outcomes to a batter making contact with the baseball. If the baseball is hit into fair territory, the play can either result in the batter being put out or reaching base safely. If he is ruled safe on-base by an umpire, he will become a baserunner.

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