Baseball Changeups

What is a changeup pitch? When will a pitcher decide to use this type of pitch on a batter? Get ready to learn about changeups in baseball.


There are lots of pitch types in baseball. Here are the following pitch types you should know:

In this tutorial, we will learn about changeups and how they work in baseball.

Changeups (Off-Speed Pitches)

A pitch does not have to only change directions in order to deceive batters. Differing or slow velocities can also be used to make pitches harder to hit; these types of pitches are called off-speed pitches.

Changeup Characteristics

Changeups are a common type of off-speed pitch. They look very similar to a fastball -- they are thrown in a similar way and have a straight path -- but are significantly slower than a fastball. While fastballs are usually 90 MPH or above, changeups are usually only 70-80 MPH.

Why Are Changeups So Effective?

For batters, it is often difficult to detect the difference between a fastball and a changeup, since they have the same path and the speed of the baseball cannot be determined until it is very close to the batter. That is why changeups are so effective: They trick batters into thinking the pitch is a fastball, and the batter will swing at it. However, since changeups are much slower than fastballs, the swing would be too early, either missing the baseball completely or hitting it weakly.

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