Baseball Batter-Runners

What is a batter-runner? What are the goals of the batter once he hits a pitch? Get ready to learn about the batter-runner in baseball.


We've already learned about the batter in the previous tutorial.

Baseball Batter

To recap, the batter is an offensive player who stands in the batter's box and takes his turn to bat awaiting pitches thrown by the pitcher who is located on the pitcher's mound. The batter's objective first and foremost is to make contact with the pitch.

REMEMBER: The order in which batters take their at-bats is determined by the lineup or batting order.

But what happens after the batter successfully hits a pitch?

In this tutorial, we will learn about the batter-runner, what they are, and what their role is offensively in a baseball game.


A batter-runner is the term used to describe the offensive player right after he has successfully hit the baseball and put it into play. He is considered a batter-runner until he either safely reaches base (and becomes a runner) or is put out.

Baseball Batter-Runner

Objectives of a Batter-Runner

The batter-runner's objectives are the following:


Overrunning is a tactic used by batter-runners when trying to reach first base. Often, if a baseball is not hit hard, the batter is only concerned with reaching first base -- he can worry about second base and third base later.

Baseball Overrun

Therefore, his running path is straight to first base. Since it is hard to stop exactly at first base when sprinting, batter-runners will often let their momentum carry through, and end up running past first base. In this process, if he touches first base before an infielder can tag or throw him out, he is safe. However, he must return to first base immediately after overrunning it, or he may be called out.

REMEMBER: Overrunning is only allowed for batter-runners going to first base.

Becoming a Baserunner

Once the batter-runner is called safe on-base, he becomes a baserunner or runner. Once the baseball is returned to the pitcher, the play ends and the next batter is on-bat.

Baseball Baserunner

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