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Baseball Outs

What is an out? How many outs are an in inning? Get ready to learn the rules of outs, when an umpire calls out, and how they affect a baseball game.


An out is a concept in baseball that describes when a player, who is either currently at-bat or on-base as a base runner, is taken out of play. The team that is at-bat is on offense. Once they get three outs, the half-inning is over and teams switch roles on the field. Each team on offense has an indefinite number of chances to score per each half-inning. However, their chances are limited by outs. When a player gets out in baseball the umpire will signal an out using his dominant arm and yell "Out!"

baseball out

Ways To Get Outs

In baseball, there are lots of ways the batter and base runners can get out. Here is a complete list of ways players get out in baseball:

Example Situation

Out or Safe

A batter gets three strikes


A fielder catches a fly ball


A fielder touches the ball to a baserunner who off base


The batter or base runner runs into a fielder


A base runner runs past another base runner


A baserunner goes 3ft outside the base path


A baserunner fails to touch a base in order



A strikeout is when a batter gets called for three strikes by the umpire while at-bat. Umpires call pitches as either strikes or ball depending on how the pitch crosses the strike zone.


If the batter hits the ball into the air and a fielder catches it, the batter is out. This is called a catch. Fielders use their gloves to grab the ball out of the air while it is falling from the sky. Fielders must catch the ball out of the air before it touches the ground, otherwise the base runner still has a chance to get on base.

Tag Outs

Base runners can get out even when they are not batting. A base runner is an offensive player who is no longer at-bat and is instead attempting to advance bases in hopes of scoring a run. Tag outs occur when a base runner is off base, and a fielder who is in possession of the ball touches the runner with the ball or their glove (with the ball in it). Baserunners cannot get tagged out if they are safe on base.

Force Outs

In baseball, base runners can not occupy the same base at the same time. If two base runners occupy consecutive bases (i.e. 1st base and 2nd base), and the base runner on the previous base attempts to advance bases, the base runner in front of him must also advance the same number of bases. If a base runner behind you decides to take your base, you are forced to move to 3rd base in this example. If a base runner is tagged or thrown out because he was forced to leave his base in this situation, it is called a force out.

Baseball Force Out

Thrown Out

A runner can also be thrown out. This happens when the baseball is thrown to a fielder occupying the next base the runner is advancing to. Once the fielder has the baseball he steps on the base and, if he steps on the base before the runner reaches it, the runner is out.


Base runners and batters are not allowed to interfere with fielders when they are trying to field the ball. If they interfere with play, they will be called out by the Umpire. The opposite is also true as fielders are not allowed to interfere with batters while they are hitting or base runners while they are running the bases.

Baseball Interference

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