At the beginning of the game, the visiting team will be the first team to bat. There are nine players on each team. They will be the hitting team for the first half of the inning, and the fielding team for the second half. This will continue for the rest of the game, with teams switching roles throughout, with the home team doing the opposite. The goal for each team is for players to run all the way around the bases, gaining runs. The fielding team aims to get the hitting team three outs as quickly as possible, so that they can become the hitting team.
There are a minimum of nine innings in a baseball game. Each inning has a top and a bottom. In the top of the inning, one team will be batting while the other fields. During the bottom of the inning the roles switch. For the switch to occur, three players from the hitting team must be called out. Once three outs have been made, the fielding team becomes the hitting team. After three outs have occurred in the bottom of the inning, the game will move onto the next inning. During the seventh inning, fans will often stand up and stretch while "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" is played, in the traditional seventh-inning stretch. After nine innings, the team with the most runs wins.
Each team will take on either a hitting or a fielding role in an inning. The hitting team will send players onto the field to bat and hopefully run the bases successfully to score points. They must be in a predetermined order on the hitting lineup, and this cannot be changed in the middle of the game. Substitutions can be made, but the order cannot be moved around.
The fielding team will be on the field pitching and catching any hit balls. The fielding team is split up into the infield and the outfield. The infield team includes the pitcher, the catcher, the shortstop and the players at each base. The outfield includes the players farther back who attempt to catch farther hit balls from the batting team.
In order to win the game, one team must have more runs scored than the other. After nine innings, whichever team has the most runs is the winning team. Teams will play series, where they will play more than one game against on another. The team who wins the majority of the games out of the series will win the series.
If the game gets to the ninth inning and both teams have scored the same amount of runs, the game will go into extra innings. The tenth inning will have both a top and a bottom, allowing both teams to have an opportunity to hit. The game will continue until an inning ends and one team has more runs than the other. This can last up to fourteen or fifteen innings, with the longest game in history lasting thirty-three innings.