Badminton is a racquet sport in which players or teams hit a shuttlecock across a net. The sport can either be played in singles (1 vs 1) or doubles (2 vs 2). A shuttlecock also known as birdie has a rounded rubber base with feathers in a conical shape attached to that base. It is used because it creates high drag in the air and takes longer to fall to the ground than a typical sports ball. The sport was first played back in 1873 in Gloucestershire, England but has roots tracing all the way back to ancient Greece, China and India. The sport began to grow in popularity around the world, but especially in England and India. The Badminton World Federation (BWF) was founded in 1934, and is the highest governing body of the sport still today. The first BWF championships were held in 1977. Other well known tournaments held around the world for badminton include: All-England Championships, the Thomas Cup (men's competition), and the Uber cup (women's competition). Badminton was first introduced to the Olympic games in 1972 as a demonstration sport and later in 1988 as an exhibition sport. It was not until the 1992 Olympic Games did badminton have full medal competition and featured competition for singles (men and women) and doubles (men team only, women team only). Mixed doubles was introduced in the 1996 Olympic games. Some of the top countries in the sport of badminton are China, Indonesia, Denmark, South Korea, and England. Some of the top players the world include:
Individual games are played to 21 points and the first player or team to reach 21 points wins that game or set. In order to score a point you must win the rally, points can be lost by:
The team or player to win two games first out of a three game series is determined the champion of that match. This format still allows for quick gameplay while still giving both players or teams the equal opportunity to win in each match. In tournaments the only thing that really matters is the winner of the match as they will advance to the next round. Depending on the tournament there can also be a best of five format, meaning whichever side wins three games first is the winner of the match.
In badminton every time there is a serve there is a point scored, meaning you do not have to be the one who served in order to get a point. This helps improve the speed of play, and allow teams to comeback more quickly. The server must serve with the shuttlecock being hit from below their waist. During a serve neither player or team can move until the serve is completed. A let can also be called by the umpire in cases where the server hits the ball before the receiver is ready. However unlike in tennis during normal play the shuttle may hit the net and still remain in play.
As soon as the shuttle is served gameplay begins and the act of hitting back and forth between players or teams is known as a rally. The rally ends when one team or player commits a fault and the other team receives a point. That team then serves the next point. In match play whichever team wins the game, serves first in the next one.
In order to win an individual match the player or team must win by at least 2 points. Meaning if the game was tied at 20-20, the player or team would need to score two points in a run to make the score 22-20 in order to win the game. However, of the score was 29-29 then whichever side scores the 30th point wins the game.
In between each game of a set each player or team is allowed two full minutes to rest. Players have the chance to catch their breath and continue to hydrate an important element of all sporting events. Players also given a 60 second break after the 11th point in the match is scored as well.
After the shuttle is hit into play, players cannot touch the net or the its supports with their racket or body. This automatically results in a fault and a point for the other team. This rule was put into place to reduce interference with the net and can be called by the official at any point of play.
In badminton players cannot hit the shuttle two times in a row. In singles and in doubles each side has only one hit to get it over the net. Even if a player accidently touches the shuttle with their racket and their partner hits it over the net, that would still be a fault and a point for the other team.
In singles when your score is an odd number such as 1 or 3, you serve on the left side of the court. When your score is even number such as 0,2, or 4 you serve from the right side of the court (see image below). The shuttle must land in the service court diagonal from where the server is standing. Players only switch sides after winning a rallying and a point.
In doubles the same even and odd rule still applies however, the substitution and rotation of who serves and when gets more complicated. Amongst a team of two players services does not change between them until the other teams stop the rally. It is only until the team wins the rally again and a point will the service change between the two players. If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same server serves again from the alternate service court. If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The receiving side becomes the new serving side.