Ankle sprains are highly common injuries in the sport of badminton. An ankle sprain occurs when a tear or stretch happens in the ligament surrounding the ankle area. It usually occurs when an athlete turns their foot in an awkward position and rolls the ankle, causing the ankle to swell up and bruise along with pain. Badminton players often get sprained ankles because of the sudden and jerky movements trying to hit the birdy and then returning to the original position quickly. Additionally, when badminton players are reverting back to the original position, they jog backwards, not seeing their foot placements, and stumbling.
A wrist strain is another injury that occurs often on the badminton court. A wrist strain is overstretching of the ligament in the wrist, causing pain and discomfort. This is very common in badminton because the athletes are constantly hitting the birdies with the badminton racket by flicking their wrists to achieve the best hit. This repetitive motion without time to heal the overstretched ligament causes strain on them and results in pain towards the badminton athlete.
Although this injury has a different sport name than badminton within the injury, badminton players suffer from tennis elbows often because of the use of a racket as the primary piece of equipment. Tennis elbows are technically referred to as lateral epicondylitis and it causes pain on the outside area of the elbow from inflammation or microtears of the tendons joining the forearm muscles on the outside of the elbow. In badminton, this injury is caused by overuse of the backhand technique, or a poor technique of the backhand swing itself.
A thrower's, or golfer's, elbow is similar to a tennis elbow, but this injury affects the inside of the elbow. Medically referred to as medial epicondylitis, a thrower's elbow is caused by the repetitive motions of swinging the arm with force. This is common in many sports where a large piece of equipment is used to hit something or for pitcher's throwing balls at high speeds. In badminton, all players are incorporating force and strength into every swing of the racket, causing a strain in the tendons connecting the forearm to the inner elbow, resulting in this injury.
A rotator cuff injury is not surprising to hear among the badminton community. A rotator cuff injury is an injury affecting the group of muscles that keeps arms in the shoulder socket and surrounds the shoulder. This injury is typically caused by overuse and repetitive rotation motions in the shoulder. This is common in badminton because the rotator cuff muscles are engaged every time an athlete swings the racket to hit the birdy. Because these rotating shoulder movements cannot be directly avoided in badminton, many badminton players incorporate shoulder strengthening and flexibility exercises to their workouts before playing.