Scoring in archery is very simple because it is based on the arrow's location on a physical target. In addition the scoring system for the game of archery follows an all or none concept. This means that when an archery shoots their arrow, they will either earn the designated amount of points or none. In order to earn a minimum of one point, the archery's arrow must land on the target. This means that if the arrow does not land anywhere on the target no points will be earned for that shot.
In archery all targets are the same, and are made up of white, black, blue, red, and gold rings. These colored rings are laid out in pairs of two moving inwards from white to gold. The archer's goal is to shoot as many arrows that land in the center gold circle as they can. By landing as close to the gold as possible, and as consistently as the individual can will help the athlete earn the maximum amount of points per set. In archery it is more important to earn each set, rather than earn the maximum amount of points. Typically if an individual consistently earns the maximum amount of points, or the highest amount of points, they have also won the majority of sets.
Like any sport, the goal is to earn the highest number of points possible in order to win the game, match, or set. In archery the maximum amount of points that can be earned per arrow is 10. As one moves inwards from ring to ring towards the gold center, the amount of points to be earned increases by one. For example, the outermost white ring is worth 1 point, the second white ring is worth 2 points, and then the first black ring is worth 3 points, and so on until you reach the center gold circle which is worth 10 points. If an arrow lands on the line in between two rings, the higher value will be earned.
Unlike other sports, archery is based on a series of events rather than just one single game. In competition, the overall series of archery events is won by either an individual or team based on the amount of sets won. This in contrast is not the same as the total points earned throughout the competition. This means that each set consists of 3 arrows shot by each individual. After each arrow is shot, its placement on the target is recorded. After each archer has taken their turn, the archer with more points earned from the three arrows will win that individual set. The archer to win six sets first will win the overall round, and then move on to the next.
The main difference between the scoring of indoor and outdoor archery is the size of the target face. For outdoor archery, an archer can earn anywhere from 1-10 points per arrow shot, but for indoor archery only between 5-10 points can be earned per shot. This is because indoor targets are significantly smaller. A typical outdoor target face is 122cm while an indoor target face is only 40cm.
A good score in archery is based off of the points earned in a set. A set in archery is made up of a total of three arrows. The maximum score that an archer can earn in one set is 30 points, meaning that each arrow can earn up to 10 points. In order to earn 10 points for one arrow, an archer's arrow must land within the smallest gold circle in the center of the target.
There are two point possibilities that an archer can earn when they hit the black ring on the target. Because the black section contains two consecutive rings, the archer can earn either 3 or 4 points. If the arrow lands in the outer black ring, the archer will earn the 3 points because it is farther away from the gold center. The black section of the target is both the third farthest section from the middle gold section as well as the second closest to the outside of the target. Because of the two black rings located on the outside of the target, when an archer lands their arrow in this section it does not earn many points.